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Flashcards in FFP - COLLAPSE Deck (66)
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0

An Engine and Ladder company arriving 1st at the scene of a major collapse would be correct to consider all of the following except?

A) An initial staging area should be established.

B) At least one TL should be special called if none was assigned on the initial alarm

C) Safety is the single most important consideration during the operation.

D) SOC units shall ensure the immediate are is monitored for the presence of any biological agents.

E) Explosions shall be viewed as a possible "dirty bomb" until monitoring shows the area to be clear of such contamination.

D) SOC units shall ensure the immediate area is monitored for the presence of biological agents. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 4.2)

* Ensure area is monitored for CHEMICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL

1

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a collapse of a 2 story flat roof private dwelling and find that the 1st and 2nd floor have collapsed trapping 5 civilians, who are also seriously injured. On arrival witnesses indicate that there was a smell,of gas, then a loud explosion. Based on this sizeup, it would be correct for members to believe?

A) This will be a Single Command event with the FDNY in charge.

B) This will be a Unified Command event

B) This will be a Unified Command event

(FFP COLLAPSE)

* Collapse alone is a Single Command

* Multiple events (gas, explosion, collapse) is Unified Commamd

2

Which of the following are core competencies of the FDNY? (choose all that are correct)

A) Search and rescue

B) Evacuation of both structures and areas

C) Pre hospital medical care

D) Arson - both cause and origin and major cases

E) Mass Decon and Life safety operations at HazMat operations

A) Search and rescue
C) Pre hospital medical care
E) Mass Decon and Life safety operations at HazMat operations.

(FFP COLLAPSE)

B - Cops have areas / FD has structures

D - Cops have "major cases" of arson


"FEMSLAM" (FDNY Core Competencies)

F - Fire
E - Evacuation (structures)
M - Mass Decon
S - Search and Rescue
L - Life safety
A - Arson (cause and origin) (major cases handled by NYPD)
M - Medical care in pre hospital setting

3

If possible, when arriving at the scene of a collapse, the 1st and 2nd arriving engines would be correct to supply handlines and large caliber TL streams by taking?

A) Hydrants outside the block, on the same main.

B) Hydrants inside the block, on different mains

C) Hydrants outside the block, on different mains

D) One engine inside the block on a hydrant, one engine outside the block on a hydrant - both on the same main.

C) Hydrants outside the block, on different mains

(FFP COLLAPSE 5.3.1)

4

The highest priority for 1st alarm Engine companies is to extinguish active fire in the affected collapsed building and then to do which action (in priority order)?

A) Extinguish burning vehicles within the vicinity of collapse

B) Protect exposures from possible extension

C) Extinguish active fire in surrounding debris

D) Stretch a 3 1/2" line to supply the 1st arriving TL

C) Extinguish active fire in surrounding debris

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.1.1)


"AEV"

A - Active fire in affected building and debris
E - Exposures (protect from extension)
V - Vehicles burning within vicinity of collapse

5

Units arriving at the scene of a major collapse of a 30' x 75' NLT building with no immediate rescues required, took the following actions:

1. The 3rd arriving engine took a hydrant at the rear of the building on another block.

2. The 4th arriving Engine sealed off one end of the street with the collapsed building.

3. The 1st Engine on the 2nd alarm sealed off another end of the street with the collapsed building.

4. The 1st arriving ladder, a TL unit, was placed in front of the collapsed structure outside of the collapse danger zone.

5. The 2nd arriving ladder, a TL took a position also in front of the collapsed building, outside of the collapse danger zone.

6. The 3rd arriving ladder, an aerial ladder, placed its apparatus at a secondary staging area away from the front of the building.

How many actions were correct SOP according to the FDNY Collapse procedures?

A) 3 B) 4 C) 5 D) 6

B) 4 (1,3,4,6 are correct SOP)

(FFP COLLAPSE 5.3.2)

#2 - 4th arriving Engine WAS POSITIONED AT THE REAR OF BLDG.

#5 - 2nd arriving Ladder which is a TL, took a position in front of a
DIFFERENT EXPOSURE, out of collapse area.

6

A BC operating at a collapse that is a large scale incident would be incorrect to think he should?

A) Insure the ICP is located at or in the immediate vicinity of the incident site, but outside the operations site and collapse zone.

B) Insure the ICP is visible from the collapsed structure.

C) Establish a command channel

D) Have a company officer assigned as the Staging Area Manager and remain as such throughout the incident.

E) Have a company officer assigned as the Street Coordination Manager and remain as such throughout the incident.

D) Have a company officer assigned as the Staging Area Manager and remain as such throughout the incident.

(FFP COLLAPSE 6.1)

* Officer assigned as Staging Area Manager will remain as such UNTIL
REPLACED BY BC.

7

If there is no active fire at the scene of a collapse, precautionary lines of sufficient number and length to cover the entire operation shall be stretched. Depending on the type of building encountered, the size of precautionary hose lines stretched (1 3/4" or 2 1/2") should be compatible with the type of occupancy encountered.

A) Agree

B) Disagree

B) Disagree

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.1.1)

* Precautionary hose lines MUST BE 2 1/2"

8

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. In this situation, the 1st arriving Engine officer would be incorrect to believe that he?

A) May consider taking a position in the block to use the apparatus master stream to control the fire.

B) May consider taking a position in the block to use the apparatus master stream to protect the exposures.

C) Should stretch a 2 1/2" line of sufficient length to cover the entire site.

D) Must stretch a 3 1/2" line to supply a TL.

D) Must stretch a 3 1/2" line to supply a TL (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.2.1)

* CONSIDER stretching a 3 1/2" line to supply a TL

9

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. The __________ arriving engine should ensure that a 3 1/2" supply line s stretched to the 1st TL.

A) 1st B) 2nd C) 3rd D) 4th

B) 2nd

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.3.1)

10

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. The first arriving ladder company would be incorrect to consider which tactic?

A) Splitting into teams

B) Performing scene survey and hazard assessment

C) Removing surface victims, including those who are lightly buried.

D) Visually searching assessable voids; calling and listening for victims.

E) Cutting, lifting or removing a load bearing member only if a viable victim is trapped.

E) Cutting, lifting or removing a load bearing member only if a viable victim is trapped. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.5)

* DO NOT CUT/LIFT/REMOVE load bearing members

11

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. The second arriving ladder officer should know that all of the following are correct considerations for his unit except?

A) This officer should ensure the dispatcher notified the utility company emergency crews.

B) Their major priority is to assist with life safety by augmenting search and rescue efforts.

C) They should shut down accessible gas, electric and water services.

D) Curb valves may be shut for both gas and water if the main building shut off is inaccessible.

B) Their major priority is to assist with life safety by augmenting search and rescue efforts. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 7.6.2)

* Major priority is to CONTROL GAS/ELECTRIC/WATER (utilities)

12

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. Lookouts posted around the perimeter of the collapse site and equipped with handheld air horns should know that they should sound ___________ in order to cease operations and have all quiet?

A) 3 short blasts

B) One long blast

C) One long blast & one short blast

D) Two short blasts & one long blast

B) One long blast

(FFP COLLAPSE 9.2.2)

A - 3 short blasts = EVACUATE

B - One long blast = CEASE OPERATIONS

C - One long, one short = RESUME OPERATIONS

13

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. Units arriving during the early stages and operating at this alarm would be correct to consider all of the following points concerning collapse rescue operations except?

A) Reconnaissance, accounting for and removing surface victims, and searching voids may be performed simultaneously, if sufficient personnel are present.

B) An officer should be immediately designated as the Victim Accounting Manager to keep track of all persons removed from the debris - obtaining the person's name and where they were located when the collapse occurred.

C) No life should be risked to recover a body.

D) Company officers may be sent to view camera recordings and view incident tape to determine if any passerby was cautious in the collapse.

E) An "unsupported lean to" is extremely dangerously and must be secured early.

D) Company officers may be sent to view camera recordings and view incident tape to determine if any passerby was caught in the collapse. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, Fig 4)

* FIRE MARSHALS or BCs will review incident tape/camera recordings

14

1st alarm units arrive at the scene of a major collapse of a 5 story OLT where there is also a fire condition in the debris pile. Exposures 2 and 4 are similar attached OLT buildings that are unaffected at this time. Regarding shoring operations at this incident, it would be accurate to state that?

A) Under no circumstances should 1st arriving units perform shoring.

B) No unit other than a Rescue or Squad, or SOC Support Ladder company should perform any cutting of load bearing members.

C) Once a Rescue company is on scene, the installation of shoring should generally be left to Rescue Companies, supported by Squad and SOC Support Ladder Companies.

D) Once shoring is installed by FDNY, it should never be removed by the FDNY.

C) Once a Rescue company is on scene, the installation of shoring should generally be left to Rescue Companies, supported by Squad and SOC Support Ladder Companies.

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.5.2)

A - Under CERTAIN circumstances 1st arriving units can perform
shoring.

B - No unit other than RESCUE OR SQUAD should perform any cutting
of load bearing members (NOT SOC Support Ladders)

C - Correct

D - Once shoring is installed, it should ONLY BE REMOVED IF LOAD IS
STABILIZED OR SITUATION PERMITS THE SHORES TO BE
REMOVED FROM A SAFE AREA.

15

A 10-60 Code 2 should be transmitted in which of the following situations? (more than one correct)

A) The derailment of a subway car

B) A 2 1/2 story PD collapse where enhanced technical rescue resources will be required

C) A major collapse of a 6 story OLT

D) Multiple pipe bomb explosions occur in the street at a parade with hundreds of civilians injured,but no structural damage to buildings.

E) A passenger airplane with 275 victims crashes into the Belt Parkway in Brooklyn.

F) A passenger airplane with 325 victims crash lands on the Tarmac at JFK airport.

C) A major collapse of a 6 story OLT
E) A passenger airplane with 275 victims crashes into the Belt Parkway in Brooklyn

(Comm 8 10-60 Signal)

A - derailment of subway car (10-60)

B - collapse of PD where enhanced tech rescue needed (10-60 code 1)

C - major collapse 6 story OLT (10-60 code 2)

D - multiple pipe bombs / no damage to buildings (10-60)

E - plane with 275 victims crashes on highway (10-60 code 2)

F - plane crashes at Tarmac at airport (at airport is a crash box)

16

A ladder company responding to a major collapse is told that they are being special called above the 10-60 signal as part of an additional "victim removal group". In this situation, this should indicate to the ladder company that their primary duty will be the removal of victims ___________________?

A) In tunneling and trenching operations

B) using complicated disentanglement / extrication procedures

C) via skeds and stokes

D) by assisting with shoring and cutting of load bearing members

C) via skeds and stokes

(Comm 8 10-60 signal)

17

A Staging Area will be established on the 10-60 signal in which situations?

1. If any resources are requested above a 10-60

2. On all 10-60 Code 1's and Code 2's

3. By assisting with shoring and cutting of load bearing members

A) Only #2

B) Only #3

C) 1 & 2

D) None of the above

C) 1 & 2

(Comm 8 10-60 signal)

Staging Area (On all 10-60 code 1 and code 2's & if any resources are
requested above a 10-60 signal)

18

Units are just arriving at an alarm where they find heavy fire in a 3 story row frame. While initiating operations, there is a serious collapse, trapping 2 civilians. With regard to this fire related collapse, it would be incorrect to state that?

A) Fire will try to fill any void spaces.

B) The survival of victims depends on reaching them 1st, preferably with a hose line.

C) The trapped civilians should be provided with the nearest FAST PAK or spare SCBA.

D) A search rope should be attached to any persons trapped to lead other rescuers directly to them.

C) The trapped civilians should be provided with the nearest FAST PAK or spare SCBA. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.4.5)

* Use FAST PAK OTHER THAN FAST TEAM'S

19

Regarding shoring of buildings by the FDNY, it would be correct to state that?

A) Vacant buildings should never be shored

B) Unoccupied buildings should not be shored when there is any risk at all to members installing the shoring.

C) Never install shoring in a building that will be demolished

D) Once installed, shoring will only be removed when the load is otherwise stabilized or the situation permits the shores to be removed from a safe area.

D) Once installed, shoring will only be removed when the load is otherwise stabilized or the situation permits the shores to be removed from a safe area.

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.5.3)

A - Vacant CAN BE SHORED IF NOT A SUBSTANTIAL RISK

B - Unoccupied bldg. CAN BE SHORED IS NOT A SUBSTANTIAL RISK

C - MAY INSTALL SHORING on a bldg to be demolished FOR RESCUE
AND SAFE EVACUATION

20

Units operating at the scene of a major collapse where selected debris removal is about to commence would be correct to think that?

A) Selected debris removal is a useful tactic if we have no idea where the victims are located.

B) Only collapse trained members of SOC units are to perform tunneling or trenching involving the cutting of potentially load bearing structural members.

C) 20 minutes is the recommended maximum work time for members

D) If a victim has been pinned for more than 30 minutes or appears to have suffered serious injuries, a Rescue Paramedic must be given access to the patient as soon as there is access to treat for crush syndrome or other life threats.

E) Rescue paramedics only need an arm, leg, or even a neck exposed on a victim to permit establishment of an IV. The IV must be established into the patient immediately after releasing any pressure.

B) Only collapse trained members of SOC units are to perform tunneling or trenching involving the cutting of potentially load bearing structural members.

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.6.1)

A - Selected debris removal IS NOT A USEFUL TACTIC if we have no
idea where the victims are.

B - Correct

C - 30 MINUTES is recommended work time for members

D - If victim has been pinned for MORE THAN 60 MINUTES, rescue
paramedic must be given access to them.

E - IV must be established into patient immediately BEFORE releasing
any pressure.

21

A potentially life threatening condition that develops in buried collapse victims whose circulation to the limbs becomes restricted and limits blood flow to the limb is known as ____________________?

A) Muscle Mass Compression

B) Crush Syndrome

C) Compromised Circulation Syndrome

D) Hypovolemic Shock Syndrome

B) Crush Syndrome

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.8.1)

22

During collapse operations, it would be incorrect to state that?

A) General debris removal should be completed under direction of FDNY, even though heavy equipment may be required.

B) Heavy demolition equipment is forbidden during the selected debris removal stage.

C) Once the operations come within the reach of a victim, all work should proceed with only hand powered tools, unless the object and victim are visibly clear and no injury is likely.

D) The FD must always remain at the collapse site until all debris removal is complete.

D) The FD must always remain at the collapse site until all debris removal is complete. (INCORRECT)

(FFP COLLAPSE 11.13.2)

* Must remain at collapse until all debris removal is complete OR UNTIL
IC IS REASONABLY CERTAIN THAN ALL VICTIMS HAVE BEEN
REMOVED.

23

You are the officer of Ladder 99 that is performing searches at a major collapse and you are using the Search Assessment Marking System. Regarding this marking system, it would be correct to state that?

A) These markings should be 18" x 18" so when completed they for, the letter "X"

B) A square box should be drawn around the "X" marking

C) Lime yellow colored reflective spray paint shall be used and units are to insure they carry at least one can of such spray paint on their apparatus.

D) If after searching an area, a new void is discovered in the same area, the old marking system should be crossed out and a new marking is made.

D) If after searching an area, a new void is discovered in the same area, the old marking system should be crossed out and a new marking is made.

(FFP COLLAPSE 1.5,1.6)

A - Marking should be 2' x 2' and form an "X"

B - NO SQUARE BOX IS DRAWN

C - Units shall carry TWO (2) SPRAY PAINT CANS on their rig

24

While conducting searches in various voids at a collapse, Ladder 99 comes upon the symbol below at a specific location with the words "Ladder 98" in the left quadrant of the "X". In this situation, they should recognize that Ladder 98?

A) Has entered and is still inside searching the selected void

B) Has remaining personnel conducting secondary searches

C) Is conducting a secondary search inside the void

D) Has searched and exited from that area.

D) Has searched and exited from that area

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2, 4.2)

- A single slash and unit identity are marked upon entry to a
structure or area. This indicates search operations are in
progress within this area.

- Second slash will be drawn after units exit the area.

LEFT QUADRANT = UNIT

BOTTOM QUADRANT = # OF VICTIMS ("0" for no victims)

RIGHT QUADRANT = RATS (personal hazards)

UPPER QUADRANT = TIME/DATE UNIT LEFT STRUCTURE

25

While conducting searches in various voids at a major collapse, Ladder 98 should place the designation ______________ in the bottom quadrant of the "X" to indicate that there are no victims - alive or dead, inside the area searched?

A) "Negative"

B) "Zero"

C) "0"

D) "None"

C) "0"

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2 4.6)

26

At a major collapse, Ladder 99 should be aware that the time and date that a company or team has left a structure or area should be placed in the _________ quadrant of the "X"?

A) Top

B) Right

C) Bottom

D) Left

A) Top

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2, 4.4)


Top = TIME/DATE UNIT LEFT

Right = (RATS) PERSONAL HAZARDS

Bottom = VICTIMS

Left = UNIT OPERATING

27

Any personal hazards to members while operating at a collapse should be placed in which quadrant of the "X"?

A) Top

B) Right

C) Bottom

D) Left

B) Right

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2 4.5)

A - TIME DATE UNITS LEFT

B - Correct

C - VICTIMS

D - UNIT OPERATING

28

During a major collapse, if an area has been searched and marked and new information becomes available regarding the searched area, previous markings should be crossed out and a new marking placed next to it, with the most recent information.

A) Agree

B) Disagree

A) Agree

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2 Note)

29

Units coming upon a large "V" approximately 2' high at a major collapse, and recognize that this indicates a known or potential victim. Once the location of the victim has been confirmed, the unit should place ______________________?

A) A circle around the "V"

B) The letter "C" inside the "V"

C) A horizontal line through the "V"

D) A vertical line through the "V"

A) A circle around the "V"

(FFP COLLAPSE ADD 2, 5.4)

A - Location of victim confirmed

B - NO SUCH MARKING

C - Confirmed deceased

D - Confirmed deceased that has been removed

* An arrow in addition to the circle if you can't see the victim