Female Reproductive Pathology and Tests Flashcards Preview

MT 2 Female Reproductive > Female Reproductive Pathology and Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive Pathology and Tests Deck (48)
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1

carcinoma of the cervix

malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer)

2

human papillomavirus (HPV)

the most important cause of and risk factor for cervical cancer

3

radical (complete) hysterectomy

the entire uterus with ligaments, supportive tissues, and the top one third of the vagina are removed

4

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

5

carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)

malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)

6

endometriosis

endometrial tissue located outside the uterus

7

fibroids (aka leiomyomata or leiomyomas)

benign tumors in the uterus

8

ovarian carcinoma

malignant tumor of the ovary

9

ovarian cysts

collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary

10

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis

11

carcinoma of the breast

malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)

12

fibrocystic disease

numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast

13

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the implanted placenta.

14

choriocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the placenta

15

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location

16

multiple gestation

more than one fetus inside the uterus

17

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.

18

preeclampsia

abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache

19

Apgar score

a system of scoring an infant's physical condition 1 and 5 minutes after birth. Heart rate, respiration, color, muscle tone, and response to stimuli are rated 0, 1, or 2.

20

Down syndrome

chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes.

21

erythroblastosis fetalis

hemolytic disease in the newborn (HND) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus.

22

hyaline membrane disease (aka respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn RDS)

acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn.

23

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain

24

meconium aspiration syndrome

abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn

25

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum

26

Pap test

microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix

27

pregnancy test

blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG

28

hysterosalpingography (HSG)

X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material

29

mammography

x-ray imaging of the breast

30

breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI

technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue