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Flashcards in Families of Organic Compounds Deck (60)
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1

What is the first family of organic compounds?

Carbohydrates

2

What elements make up a carbohydrate?

Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.

3

What is the ratio of the hydrogen to the oxygen in terms of the number of molecules?

2:1

4

What is the first type of carbohydrate?

Monosaccharides

5

What is another name for a monosaccharide?

Simple sugars.

6

What does monosaccharide mean?

One sugar

7

What is an example of a monosaccharide?

Glucose

8

What is the chemical compostion of glucose?

C6H1206

9

How many carbon atoms does a monosaccharide have?

Anywhere from 3 to 7 carbon atoms

10

How many carbon atoms do most monosaccharides have?

5 atoms (pentose) or 6 atoms (hexose)

11

Why do our cells need carbohydrates?

Cells die without energy.

12

How do carbs work?

An enzyme called amalyze breaks down the carbs which have energy stored in them.

13

What is the second type of Carbohydrate?

Disaccharides

14

What is another name for disaccharides and polysaccharides?

Complex sugars.

15

What does disaccharide mean?

Two sugars.

16

How many monosacharides are in a disaccharide?

Two.

17

What are two examples of disaccharides?

Sucrose and lactose

18

What are the chemical compositions of sucrose and lactose?

 

C12H22O11

19

What is the third type of carbohydrate?

Polysaccharides

20

What does polysaccharide mean?

Many sugars

21

How many monosaccharides are in a polysaccharide?

Many. A Polysaccharide is a polymer of Monosaccharides.

22

What are examples of polysaccharides?

Cellulose, glycogen, and starches.

23

How many monosaccharides are in cellulose?

about 2000 units

24

What is the function of cellulose in life?

Cellulose makes up strong cell walls.

25

How many monosaccharides are in glycogen?

About 12-18 units.

26

What is the function of glycogen?

Glycogen stores excess carbs in animals.

27

Where is most of the glycogen located in the body?

the liver

28

What are starches?

The complex carbs that store excess carbs in plants

29

What makes a starch different from other carbs?

Starches have branching stems

30

What is the second family of organic compounds?

lipids