What is the first family of organic compounds?
What elements make up a carbohydrate?
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.
What is the ratio of the hydrogen to the oxygen in terms of the number of molecules?
What is the first type of carbohydrate?
What is another name for a monosaccharide?
What does monosaccharide mean?
What is an example of a monosaccharide?
What is the chemical compostion of glucose?
How many carbon atoms does a monosaccharide have?
Anywhere from 3 to 7 carbon atoms
How many carbon atoms do most monosaccharides have?
5 atoms (pentose) or 6 atoms (hexose)
Why do our cells need carbohydrates?
Cells die without energy.
How do carbs work?
An enzyme called amalyze breaks down the carbs which have energy stored in them.
What is the second type of Carbohydrate?
What is another name for disaccharides and polysaccharides?
What does disaccharide mean?
How many monosacharides are in a disaccharide?
What are two examples of disaccharides?
Sucrose and lactose
What are the chemical compositions of sucrose and lactose?
What is the third type of carbohydrate?
What does polysaccharide mean?
How many monosaccharides are in a polysaccharide?
Many. A Polysaccharide is a polymer of Monosaccharides.
What are examples of polysaccharides?
Cellulose, glycogen, and starches.
How many monosaccharides are in cellulose?
about 2000 units
What is the function of cellulose in life?
Cellulose makes up strong cell walls.
How many monosaccharides are in glycogen?
About 12-18 units.
What is the function of glycogen?
Glycogen stores excess carbs in animals.
Where is most of the glycogen located in the body?
What are starches?
The complex carbs that store excess carbs in plants
What makes a starch different from other carbs?
Starches have branching stems
What is the second family of organic compounds?