Flashcards in Fallacies Review Deck (64)
Personal Attack (ad hominem)
An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking the person's character rather than the person's argument or claim.
Attacking the motive
An arguer criticizes a person's motivation for offering a particular argument or claim, rather than examining the worht of the argumen or claim itself.
Look who's talking
An arger rejects another person's argument or claim because that person is a hypocrite.
Two wrongs make a right
Arger tries to justify a wrong by citing another wrong.
Arguer threathens a areader or listener
Appeal to pity
Arguer tries to evoke pity from a reader or listener
Arguer appeals to a reader's or listener's desire to be accepted or valued.
Arguer misrepresents an opponent's position.
Arguer tries to distract the attention of the audience by raising an irrelevant issue.
Aruger uses a key word in two or more different senses.
Begging the question
Arguer assumes the point to be proven.
Inappropriate appeal to authority
Aruger cites an unreliable authority or witness
Appeal to ignorance
Arguer claims that something is true because no one has prove int false or vice versa.
Arguer poses a false either/ or choice.
Arguer asks a question that contains an unfair or unwarranted assumption.
Arguer claims , without adequate evidence, that one thing is the cause of something else.
Arguer draws a general conclusion from a sample that is biased or too small.
Arguer claims without adequate evidence, that a seemingly harmless action will lead to a very bad outcome.
Arguer compares things that aren't truly comparable
Arguer asserts inconsistent claims.
Feliz is a parrot. So Feliz has feathers
Halle is 15 years old. So, Halle is a senior in high school.
Figure X is a triangle. So, figure X is a square.
Mel's nickname is Slim. So, Mel has a slender build
Pete is an accontant. So, Pete was born in Janurary
Brad voted for George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential election. So, Brad is a Republican
Laura is left-handed. So, Laura aced her calculus test
Ho is Koren. So, Ho was brown eyes.
Stan speaks Polish. So, Stan speaks German