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Flashcards in Fallacies Review Deck (64)
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1

Personal Attack (ad hominem)

An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking the person's character rather than the person's argument or claim.

2

Attacking the motive

An arguer criticizes a person's motivation for offering a particular argument or claim, rather than examining the worht of the argumen or claim itself.

3

Look who's talking

An arger rejects another person's argument or claim because that person is a hypocrite.

4

Two wrongs make a right

Arger tries to justify a wrong by citing another wrong.

5

Scare Tactics

Arguer threathens a areader or listener

6

Appeal to pity

Arguer tries to evoke pity from a reader or listener

7

Bandwagon argument

Arguer appeals to a reader's or listener's desire to be accepted or valued.

8

Straw man

Arguer misrepresents an opponent's position.

9

Red Herring

Arguer tries to distract the attention of the audience by raising an irrelevant issue.

10

Equivocation

Aruger uses a key word in two or more different senses.

11

Begging the question

Arguer assumes the point to be proven.

12

Inappropriate appeal to authority

Aruger cites an unreliable authority or witness

13

Appeal to ignorance

Arguer claims that something is true because no one has prove int false or vice versa.

14

False Alternatives

Arguer poses a false either/ or choice.

15

Loaded question

Arguer asks a question that contains an unfair or unwarranted assumption.

16

Questionable cause

Arguer claims , without adequate evidence, that one thing is the cause of something else.

17

Hasty generlization

Arguer draws a general conclusion from a sample that is biased or too small.

18

Slippery slope

Arguer claims without adequate evidence, that a seemingly harmless action will lead to a very bad outcome.

19

Weak Analogy

Arguer compares things that aren't truly comparable

20

Inconsistency

Arguer asserts inconsistent claims.

21

Feliz is a parrot. So Feliz has feathers

Positively relevant

22

Halle is 15 years old. So, Halle is a senior in high school.

Negatively relavant

23

Figure X is a triangle. So, figure X is a square.

Negatively relavant

24

Mel's nickname is Slim. So, Mel has a slender build

Positively relevant

25

Pete is an accontant. So, Pete was born in Janurary

Irrelevant relavant

26

Brad voted for George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential election. So, Brad is a Republican

Positively relevant

27

Laura is left-handed. So, Laura aced her calculus test

Irrelevant relavant

28

Ho is Koren. So, Ho was brown eyes.

Positively relevant

29

Stan speaks Polish. So, Stan speaks German

Positively relevant

30

Joe has flipped this coin three times, and each time it has come up heads. So, the next time Joe flips this coin it will come up tails.

Negatively relavant