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Flashcards in eye infections Deck (39)
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1

subconjunctival hemorrhage

red around the eye, benign

2

uveitis

inflammatory
autoimmune
use steroids to treat

3

when to never use steroids in the eye

HSV infection- causes blindness

4

symptoms of glaucoma

orbital swelling, corneal clouding, decreased vision, fixed/dilated pupil

5

blepharitis

eyelid infection or inflammation

6

dacrocystitis

lacrimal sac inflammation

7

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva

8

is conjuctivitis infectious or allergic?

could be either

9

keratitis

cornea inflammation

10

cellulitis

inflammation of the skin to the subdermal tissues

11

symptoms of conjuctivitis

tearing, burning, erythema, discharge, crusting

12

what should be on the differential for possible conjunctivitis if blurry vision is present

uveitis, scleritis, glaucoma

13

when are cervial nodes palapable with conjunctivitis?
when are they not?

yes with viral, chlamydial, or bacterial
no with allergic

14

what kind of antibiotic is given to neonates at birth?
what does it prevent?

erythromycin
chlamydia and gonarrhea

15

most common causes of bacterial conjunctivitis in young children

s. pneumoniea or H. flu

16

most common cause of viral conjunctivitis

adenovirus (but consider HSV, HZV, and EBV)

17

is MORNING crusting more common with viral or bacterial conjunctivitis

viral

18

most common corneal infection in the US

HSV keratitis

19

what cranial nerve is affected with HSV keratitis

CN 5

20

what drugs treat HSV keratitis

acyclovir and valacyclovir

21

can you treat HSV keratitis with steroids?

not unless your an opthmology pa- timing is crucial to prevent bacterial superinfection or scarring

22

what indicates eye involvement in an HZV reactivation

lesion at the tip of the nose- Hutchinson sign

23

treatment for HZV

acyclovir or valacyclovir

24

what cranial nerve is affected with chorioretinitis

CN 2

25

most common causes of chorioretinitis

CMV and toxoplasmosis

26

characteristic sign of chorioretinitis on exam

flame hemorrhages and patches

27

which STIs cause bacterial conjunctivitis- need referral

N. gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis

28

most common bacteria that cause bacterial conjunctivits

S. pneumo, S. aureus, S. epidermis, M. catarrhalis, Proteus, E. COli, Klebsiella

29

is bacterial conjunctivitis most commonly unilateral or bilateral

unilateral initially, spreads to second eye within 24-48 hours

30

when does bacterial conjunctivitis present with photophobia?

chlamydia