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Flashcards in Exploratory Research Deck (15)
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1

Exploratory Research data collection methods

Longituinal or Cross-sectional:
according to how many times you measure outcomes

Prospective or Retrospective:
according to timing of event for data to be collected

2

Types of exploratory research

Cohort study
Case Control Study

3

Prospective research design

variables measured through direct recording in present

researcher follows subjects as they progress

4

Retrospective

data collected in the past

often obtained from medical records, databases, or surveys

5

Longitudinal or Cross Sectional:

researcher follow cohort over time

Longitudinal

6

Longitudinal or Cross Sectional:

data collected in time sequence with repeated measurements at prescribed intervals

Longitudinal

7

Longitudinal or Cross Sectional:

researcher studies stratified group of subjects at one point in time

Cross sectional

8

Longitudinal or Cross Sectional:

researcher may compare characteristics of those strata to draw conclusions

Cross Sectional

9

Longitudinal or Cross Sectional:

researcher may describe patterns of change

longitudinal

10

T/F:
cross sectional is cheap and easy way to gather initial data and ID correlations that can further be used in longitudinal study

True

11

Cohort Study

group of individuals followed together over time

follows subjects without outcome of interest to see if they develop the disorder

12

Cohort Study
ID risk of exposures by:

comparing incidence of specific outcomes in those who were and were not exposed

13

Case Control Study

researcher looks back in time to determine if groups differ with respect to their exposure histories

14

Case Control Study:
Cases

those classified as having the disorder

15

Case Control Study:
Controls

those chosen as a comparison group without disorder