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Flashcards in Executing Test 2 Deck (91)
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1

The company responds to an employee's company day care proposal by telling her that the company should not interfere in employees' choices regarding the individual care for their children. What type of moral justice is the company employing?

Libertarian.
Utilitarian.
Entitlement.
The veil of ignorance.

Libertarian.

2

Jane went to a job interview but no one told her part of the hiring process included an aptitude test. Jane had never heard of taking an aptitude test for a job interview. Part of the test required general key punch and secretarial skills that had little to do with the accounting job she was applying and interviewing for. Was the aptitude test a legitimate part of Jane's interview process?

Yes, testing is an integral part of the hiring process, especially with large firms.
No, the test was not valid.
Yes, although it is not directly applicable, it will help determine what performance level Jane is at in her career.
No, the test is not reliable or credible for the position Jane is interviewing for.

Yes, testing is an integral part of the hiring process, especially with large firms.

3

To be purposeful, the team objectives and goals must be

productive and cost effective.

necessary and focused.

clear, meaningful, and measurable.

fully developed and achievable.

clear, meaningful, and measurable.

4

The road construction project manager receives an addendum regarding right-of-way acquisition for her project. She sees designers chose to amend the route that originally impacted a section of an affluent neighborhood. The right-of-way needed to build the project would now be taken from a distressed neighborhood predominately inhabited by minorities and seniors. In fact, some property owners had not agreed to the right-of-way purchase price offered by the county, so portions of those properties were "condemned" to accommodate the new roadway and sidewalk width. What positive or negative aspect of moral justice does relocating the road through the distressed neighborhood, illustrate?

Libertarian justice.
Distributive justice.
Utilitarian justice.
Justice of entitlement.

Distributive justice.

5

The project manager's responsibility to the project team includes

Project integrity, meeting project objectives, and on-time progress payments.
Effective communication, providing adequate resources, and timely decision-making.
accurate communication, competency, and proper resource allocation.
accuracy, cost-consciousness, safety and focus on goals.

Effective communication, providing adequate resources, and timely decision-making.

6

The instruments that are used to authorize cost centers to begin charging their time to a specific cost reporting element are

Progress payment reports.

Daily progress reports.

Work orders.

Data release reports.

Work orders.

7

What is the best approach to use when moral decisions that impact a number of individuals have to be made?

Use principles of "right" and "wrong" in a social context that maximizes employee and/or customer satisfaction.

Use principles of "right" and "wrong" to maximize the firm's security.

Identify various obligations, and where the emphasis should be placed among them.

Use a nonconsequential approach that respects moral rights within the limitations that the company can legitimately pursue their organizational goal.

Identify various obligations, and where the emphasis should be placed among them.

8

Three employees met with the manager to decide who should represent the team and present the finished product. The white male had worked hard on the project, but did not offer input, improvements, or innovations. The Asian woman had made significant and beneficial modifications to the design, which greatly improved its usability. The African-American man corrected the design errors since he had previous design expertise. He also did the troubleshooting and intimately knew how each part and feature of the product worked. He also was the most articulate of the group when it came to explaining the operation and special features of the product. The manager had little contact with anyone but the worker-bee, white male team member during the project since the others were generally collaborating on, and coordinating features, of the product. What major communication barriers exist that overshadow the manager's decision? (The manager decided to send the white team member. The manager is also a white male).

Words and noise.
One-way communication channels.
Bias and stereotyping.
Hidden agendas.

Bias and stereotyping.

9

What communication element involves judging the relevance, worth, goodness, or appropriateness of the received message?

Positive paralanguage.

Evaluative feedback.

Probing.

Perceptive interpretation.

Evaluative feedback.

10

The project manager's responsibility to the organization includes

project integrity, meeting project objectives, and on-time progress payments.

effective communication, providing adequate resources, and timely decision-making.

accurate communication, competency, and proper resource allocation.

accuracy, cost-consciousness, safety and being goal oriented.

accurate communication, competency, and proper resource allocation.

11

The project manager's responsibility to the project includes ensuring

Project integrity, meeting project objectives, and on-time progress payments.

Effective communication, providing adequate resources, and timely decision-making.

accurate communication, competency, and proper resource allocation.
accuracy, safety.

Project integrity, meeting project objectives, and on-time progress payments.

12

The deadline is fast-approaching, but the project manager insists there needs to be a short time extension to complete the last few troubleshooting tests to ensure the product successfully meets all requirements. Management does not want the delay and reminds the project manager that, although his point is well-taken, customers are the "end" and should not determine the "means" by which operations are performed and deadlines are met. What ethical principle is the project manager trying to convey to management?

Egoism.
Utilitarianism.
Nonsequentialism.
Kant's ethics.

Kant's ethics.

13

The poverty rate is increasing. In the name of social responsibility, an employee proposes and volunteers to be the project manager for a company day care project open to all employees. Fees will be based on the level of family income. It will help offset their economic expenses and increase productivity since workers know their children are safe. What type of moral justice is the employee eliciting from her company?

Libertarian
Utilitarian.
Entitlement.
The veil of ignorance.

Entitlement.

14

The project manager announces that a change has been added to the project and he has gotten approval to use a little-tried material that is new to the market. None of the project team had any indication the project manager was negotiating a change, let alone implementation of a new, little-known, experimental material none of them were familiar with or who had read up on. The project manager's style of communication is:

obscure.
inconsiderate.
selective.
reactive.

reactive.

15

Allows the team to make their own decisions is an example of what kind of leadership style?

Transformational
Transactional
Charismatic
Laissez-faire

Laissez-faire

16

Which of the following is not one of the 3 dimensions of complexity?

System behavior
Human Behavior
Intellectual Behavior
Ambiguity

Intellectual Behavior

17

Accepting others for what and who they are is an example of what personality trait?

Courteous
Authentic
Cultural
Managerial

Authentic

18

The willingness to serve other people is an example of what personality trait?

Service-oriented
Social
Systemic
Intellectual

Service-oriented

19

Interactional leadership includes which other type of leadership style?

Transactional

Transformational

Charismatic

all of the above

all of the above

20

_______ are produced as outputs from the processes performed to accomplish the project work planned and scheduled in the project management plan.

Plans

Scopes

Objectives

Deliverables

Deliverables

21

Outputs from managing project execution include:

deliverable status

cost incurred

proactive actions

all of the above

deliverable status

22

Managing project work requires implementing changes associated with

corrective action

preventative action

defect repair

all of the above

all of the above

23

What types of actions do the project manager and project team perform to execute the project management plan to accomplish work defined in the project scope statement?

Pareto analysis

Review risks

Contact stakeholders

None of the above

Review risks

24

The project management team has fifteen days remaining to put the contract out to bid. 90% of the contract is complete. The word processing team begins editing and compilation while the design team finalizes the special provision section and plan inserts. The project manager gave his team some _____ by giving the bulk of what was done to word processing to begin their work. The project manager has increased the probability that the contract will go out on time, since word processing will only have the special provision section to finish when it is ready.

breathing room
buffer
lead time
lag time

lead time

25

What is the benefit of performing an independent quality management peer review?

cost reduction

rework avoidance

all of the above

none of the above

cost reduction

rework avoidance

all of the above

26

______ costs are total costs incurred by investing in preventing nonconformance to requirements or reworking.

Cost of quality

Management quality

Failure costs

Process improvement

Cost of quality

27

What ensures greater success of team development?

When efforts are begun early.

When historical events are used in developing current teams.

Training.

Rotating roles and responsibilities until the project manager finds the "right fit."

When efforts are begun early.

28

The most important factor to have and implement if you are going to successfully use a virtual team on a project is

Explicit authority and direction.
Effective risk management policies.
Good communication.
Stringent quality control.

Good communication.

29

Are there any real benefits to using virtual teams on projects?

No. Time, coordination, communication, and management costs outweigh the savings and member convenience.
Yes. It reduces travel expenses, accommodates handicap workers, and adds special expertise from those in remote locations.
No. There is not enough control or quality planning.
Yes. Time spent monitoring and controlling staff is reduced, freeing up managers to concentrate on other projects.

Yes. It reduces travel expenses, accommodates handicap workers, and adds special expertise from those in remote locations.

30

Which of the following is not one of the 5 stages of development in the Tuckman ladder?

Forming

Norming

Storming

Conforming

Conforming