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Flashcards in Exam II Review Deck (69)
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Define sex

The biological characteristics of male or female

1

Define gender

The sex that one most closely identifies with

2

Define sexual orientation

Romantic or sexual partners of choice

3

Sexual scripts

Norms rules and guidelines regarding sexual behavior

4

Newly married couples' sexual frequency was about ______ times weekly, but after the first year this number dropped to about _______ times per week.

3, 1-2

5

Marital infidelity

Romantic or sexual relationship with someone outside of a marriage

6

Four horsemen

Criticism
Contempt
Defensiveness
Withdrawal

7

Types of conflict

Pseudo conflict
Content conflict
Value conflict
Ego conflict

8

Theories of power and empirical support

Resource theory
Principle of least theory
Relative love and need theory
Doing gender

9

Where do Arranged marriages occur?

South Asia, India, Egypt, China

10

Coontz's Myths about Marriage (3)

People don't value marriage the same way we used to

Married women who work put in second shift at home

Married couples are building blocks of community life

11

2 Perspectives on marriage today

Marital decline: institution of marriage is being threatened by individualistic needs and pursuit of personal happiness


Marital resilience: marriages today aren't any weaker than in the past; real threat is social problems we face

12

Marriage rates in US
How many adults in US at any given time are married?
What percentage of Americans support same sex marriage?

Just over 1/2
Just over 1/2

13

The marriage premium

Psychological, physical and economic well being that Married people have

14

Marital satisfaction over time
Pattern?
Reasons for decline

Inverted j over a lifetime
Time effect, more realistic expectations, hassles of daily life and children

15

Intersexed

Anyone born with non standard sexual anatomy

16

Transgender

Person feels just as comfortable or more so in expressing gender traits associated with the other biological sex

17

Transsexual

Person feels there is a mismatch between self concept and anatomy may have sexual reassignment surgery

18

How are sexual scripts learned?

Media
Parents
Partners

19

What are some more contemporary sexual scripts?

Both partners involved and honest, both willing to hear other partners needs

20

What percent of all couples reported satisfaction with their sexual relationships?

90%

21

Does sexual satisfaction differ with sexual frequency? How?

Yes. Sexual satisfaction is more associated with the quality of communication rather than the frequency

22

Types of marital infidelity

Conflict avoiders
Intimacy avoiders
Sexual addiction
Split self affairs
Exit affairs

23

Conflict avoiders

Difficult time working through conflict

24

Intimacy avoiders

Have trouble getting close to one another

25

Sexual addiction

Using sexual behavior to numb inner pain

26

Split self affair

Being somewhat satisfied but feel like own emotional needs have not been satisfied; deciding between two relationships

27

Exit affair

Using affair as a way to get out whenever one foot is already out the door in the relationship

28

Open marriage

Consensual affairs between other people are allowed

29

What percentage of men and women will engage in infidelity at one point in a marriage?

25% of men
15% of women