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1

Robert Hooke

Observed the first cells

2

Cell Theory

all things are made up of cells
all cells arrive from cells
cells are smallest unit of life

3

disulfide bridges

connest proteins together

4

how to notice amino acid

r group

5

Central Dogma

DNA to mRNA to Protein

6

plasmodemsata

plant. Channel where strands of cytosol connect to adjacent cells

7

Griffith

Used active and inactive bacteria to determine what DNA is made up

8

Hershey and Chase

Used radioactive material to determine what viruses inject

9

DNA goes in the

5 to 3 direction

10

Helicase

opens

11

topoisomose

unwinds the DNA

12

Primase

RNA primer

13

allopatric speciation

ancestral population separated by geography

14

adaptive radiation

Emergence of numerous species come from one ancestar

15

Symatric speciation

radical change in the genome produces a reproductively isolated sub-population

16

analogous structures

same functions, different ancestors

17

hydrogen bonds result in

increased boiling point

18

catabolic ____ anabolic _____

destroys, builds

19

isomers are

molecules with the same atoms but different protons

20

OH

hydroxyl

21

C=O

carbonyl

22

COOH

carboxylic acid

23

NH2

amine

24

Chemiosmosis

movement based on chemical structure

25

3 mutation

subsitution, deletion, insertion