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Flashcards in Exam 4 Deck (43)
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31

Ageism

(Robert Butler)
Prejudice/discrimination against the elderly
Reflects uneasiness about growing old

32

Theories of Age

Disengagement
Activity
Conflict

33

Disengagement Theory (functionalist)

Society and gaining individual mutually sever relationships
Society withdrawals from elderly putting them in homes
Says society should help elderly withdraw from social roles so society can function

34

Activity Theory (Interactionalist)

Elderly who remain active will be most well-adjusted
Believe elderly still have a need for social interaction
See withdrawal as harmful

35

Conflict Theory

Disagrees with both activity and disengagement theory
Other perspectives ignore impact of social class in lives of elderly
Low status of elderly seen in prejudice and discrimination against them

36

Gender Stratification

Women make .81$ to a mans dollar
"second shift" women work a full day and then also do most of domestic jobs
Women spend 15 hours in less leisure activity

37

Sex ratio

relationship of the number of men to women
(107 men per 100 women)
Based on "supply and demand"

38

Causes of sex ratio

Geographic mobility
Female infanticide
Health and diet
Differential life expectancy
War

39

Guttentag and Second Theory

Social behavior changes on sex ratio

40

power dependence

is equal to their inability to achieve their goals outside the relationship

41

2 kinds of power dependence

Dyadic Power
Structural Power

42

Dyadic Power

Capacity of each member of a dyad to impose their will on the other
Gender with excess supply will be more dependent on scarce gender
"supply and demand"

43

Structural Power

Dependent members of dyad seek to improve bargaining position
Try to shape social structures to serve their own interests
Gender with greater numbers