Exam #3: Leadership in Nursing & Nursing Organizations*** Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #3: Leadership in Nursing & Nursing Organizations*** Deck (64)
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1

Leadership

“the strategic use of power to move others towards a vision”
-leadership is essential to management, but you don't have to be a manager

2

Qualities of leaders

-based on influence: people believe in you
-an informal role
-an achieved position

3

Qualities of managers

-based on authority
-a formally designated role
-an assigned position

4

Great Man Theory

some are born to lead, some are born to be led

5

Behavioral Theories

based on type of motivators and how much control followers have in decision making
-->ex. autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire

6

Autocratic

*Behavioral Theory
-leader bears all responsibility (ex. code blue – one person giving orders)

7

Democratic

*Behavioral Theory
-shares planning/responsibility, less efficient, increases motivation within group (ex. unit policy making)

8

Laissez-Faire

*Behavioral Theory
-little planning/decision making, doesn’t really encourage others to participate, assumes everyone is highly motivated/educated, no clear leaders

9

Transactional Theories

• people are motivated by rewards and punishments
• leader delegates task
• followers complete task based on reward system

10

Transformational Theories

• creates a shared vision between leader and group
• proactive
• strong trust: leader and group have same purpose
• encourages participation/motivation within group

11

Leadership Qualities

• Integrity – honest, law abding, follow ethical code
• Courage
• Initiative- act on good ideas
• Energy- work hard, have suffiencent effort
• Optimism- being positive
• Perseverance- not giving up easily
• Balance- work with personal life
• Ability to handle stress – cope healthy
• Self-awareness- understand themselves/motivations

12

Leader Behaviors

• Think critically- question and analyze ideas before accepting/rejecting them
• Solve problems
• Respect people- recognize differences, find rewards meaningful to them
• Communicate skillfully- keep lines open, frequent feedback
• Set goals and a vision for the future- some common thread in group
• Develop oneself and others – guide in new nursing knowledge

13

Change

“the process of making something different from what it was” (Sullivan and Decker)

• may be planned or accidental
• change occurs → loss of control → anxiety
• change agent: brings change

14

Lewin’s Model of Change

model of change with three levels
1. Unfreezing
2. Moving
3. Refreezing

15

Unfreezing (Lewin's Model of Change)

leader builds trust/recognition for need to change, motivate people for change, generate alt solutions, get group involved to be more accepting of change

16

Moving (Lewin's Model of Change)

encourage people to view change from new perspective, accept change

17

Refreezing (Lewin's Model of Change)

reinforcing new patterns of behavior, informal/formal mechanisms to institute change, evaluate effects of change

18

Power

“the ability to influence the behavior of others to produce certain intended effects
• Necessary to leadership
• Active or latent
• Directly or indirectly

19

Types of power

-reward
-coercive
-legitimate
-expert
-referent
-information
-connection
-collective

20

Power: reward

inducements offered for cooperation or contributions (pay increase)

21

Power: coercive

based on perception of penalties that might be opposed (paycut)

22

Power: legitimate

stems from managers authority from a job position in an institutional hierarchy

23

Power: expert

possession of unique skills, knowledge and competence

24

Power: referent

admiration or respect for individual, charismatic personality

25

Power: information

access to valued data needed by others

26

Power: connection

individuals informal/formal link to prestigious people

27

Power: collective

power in numbers

28

How do we increase nursing power?

• Collaboration with physicians- providing highest quality of healthcare possible
• Life-long learning- formal/nonformal learning
• Joining professional nursing organizations- ANA (all nurses throughout US)
• Health-related political involvement- voting, writing emails to legislatures
• Mentoring- formal/informal, important in any profession

29

NSNA

National Student Nurse Association

30

What is the mission of NSNA?

-to mentor nursing students
-influence standards of nursing education
-influence healthcare through legislation
-participate in community activities
-promote interdisciplinary activities