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Flashcards in Exam 3- Book Notes Deck (110)
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1

3 ingredients needed for fire

oxygen, fuel, heat

2

absorption

act or process of sucking up or in; taking in of nutrients

3

acetic spill clean up

remove ignition sources, use gloves- wipe up with paper towels

4

activity during a fire

remain calm- do not panic
RACE
R- rescue anyone in immediate danger
A- Activate the alarm
C- Contain/confine fire
E- Extinguish

5

aerobic

pathogens that need oxygen to survive

6

AIDS

HIV- diagnosed 1982, didn't know what it was until 1985-6ish
weakened immune system- opportunistic diseases more common

7

Amino Acids

basic component of proteins, 22 of them

8

Anaerobic

pathogens that do not need oxygen

9

antibiotics

used to kill bacteria, some bacteria become resistant

10

antioxidants

enzymes or organic molecules; help protect the body from harmful chemicals called free radicals

11

antisepsis

aseptic control that inhibits, retards growth of, or kills pathogenic organisms; not effective against spores or viruses

12

asepsis

being free from infection

13

autoclave is good for how long?

30 days

14

bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria

15

basal metabolic rate

amount of energy needed to maintain life when the subject is at complete rest

16

best reservoir

warm, dark, moist

17

bile production

produced by the pancreas, contains enzymes that break down food chemically

18

bird flu

caused by a virus, H5N1, rare in people

19

bland diet

easily digested foods that do not irrtate the digestive tract- ulcers, colitis, digestive diseases

20

body fluids

reproductive, blood, saliva, mucosal fluids...

21

body mechanics

the way in which the body moves and maintains balance; proper body mechanics involves the most efficient use of all body parts

22

border of sterile field

2 inch area around sterile field- considered contaminated

23

broad base of support?

yes, shoulder-width

24

calorie controlled diet

LOW CALORIE
used for patients who are overweight
avoid or limit high-calorie diets
HIGH CALORIE
used for patients who are underweight,
anorexia nervosa
cancer
hyperthyroidism
want to increase muscle mass
high protein diet

25

calories per essential nutrients

Carbohydrates and Proteins- 4 calories/gram
Fats- 9 calories/gram

26

chain of infection

infectious agent->resverior->portal of exit->modes->portal of entry-> host->infectious.....

27

chemical cleaning

used on instruments that do not penetrate skin, high alcohol content + bleach + formaldehyde + germicide
articles are submerged

28

chemical digestion

begins in the mouth with the saliva
helps break down starches and carbs
stomach- little bit of CL
small intestine- uses pancreatic juice

29

chemical disinfection

used on instruments that do not penetrate skin, high alcohol content + bleach + formaldehyde + germicide
articles are submerged

30

cholesterol

fatlike substance synthesized in the liver and found in body cells and animal fats