EXAM 2 - skin, MS Flashcards Preview

SUM '20 - Health Assessment > EXAM 2 - skin, MS > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM 2 - skin, MS Deck (87)
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1

Macule

< 1 cm
flat
non-palpable
cirucumscribed
discolored

2

Patch

>1 cm diameter
flat
non-palpable
irregular shape
discolored

3

Lichenification

thickened epidermis with accentuated skin lines cause by rubbing

ex: Lichen simplex chronicus

4

Scar

thin or thick fibrous tissue, following dermal injury

ex: burns, acne, keloid, herpes zoster, hidradenitis

5

Fissure

linear break in skin through epidermis and dermis
ex: hand dermatitis, intertrigo

6

ulcer

loss of epidermis and dermis, size varies

ex: decubitus or stasis ulcer, factitial ulcer, pyoderma gangrenosum

7

Petechia

< 1 cm circumscribed deposit of blood

ex: meningococcemia, Gonococcemia

From: strangulation; bleeding, liver disease

8

Annular

circular or ring shape

9

linear

line formation

10

arciform

arch-sharped

--drug reaction

11

Grouped

occurring closely together
*Herpes zoster

12

Gyrate

convoluted, serpiginous shape

*creeping eruption

13

Gentamyocin reaction; what is typically done to tx?

25mg iv benadryl

14

Seborrhea

Erythematous plaques with dry or oily scales

Location: head and trunk at sites of sebaceous gland, rich skin

15

Psoriasis

chronic, WELL DEMARCATED erythematous plaques w/silleve scale

16

Rosacea

papules; pustules; no comedones

Face

17

Seborrheic dermatitis

greasy adherent scale on coalescing macules, papules, and patches

scalp brow paranasal, postauricular, and flexural areas

18

Pityriasis rosacea

single 3-4cm oval plaque at onset that is followed by numerous smaller (<1cm) plaques w/collarette scale

-following natural skin lines of trunk

19

Lichen planus

Pruritic, polyangular, planar, purple papules; lacy surface

*Face

20

Impetigo

Thin, erythematous bullous vesicles or pustules that heal with HONEY-colored crust

*face, neck, extremities

21

herpes simplex

Expanding erosions with pain; an active vesicular border and scalloped periphery

**orolabial, genital

22

herpes zoster

sequential pain; crops of erythematoous papules and plaques followed by erosive blisters

*dermatomal distribution of thoracic, cranial, trigeminal, lumbar and sacral nerves

23

allergic contact dermatitis

vesicles, edema, redness and extreme pruritus

*exposure site; often hands, forearms, face and tops of feet

24

corn

occurring over a bony prominence

-feet

25

basal cell carinoma

pearly white, dome shaped papule with ulcerative CRUSTED, BLEEDing center

*face, scalp, ears, neck, sun exposed areas of trunk, extremities

26

squamous cell carcinoma

red, poorly defined base with RAISED, NECROTIC, crusted center

*head, neck, hands, sun exposed areas of skin

27

Melanoma

color and appearance vary considerably; pigmented and nonpigmented lesions

28

Paget's disease

red, sharply demarcaated, irregularly outlined plaque and papule

breast, extramamary

29

Kaposi's Scarcom

raised, oval, poorly demarcated, RUST or purplered patch, plaque or nodule

feet and lower legs

30

atopic dermatitis

Pruritic rash; erythematous, confluent papules and plaques affecting extensor areas; scarring

*hx of childhood eczema, allergic rhinitis, family hx of allergic rhinitis and eczema