Exam #2: Education Opportunities and the Health Care System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #2: Education Opportunities and the Health Care System Deck (39)
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1

Diploma Programs

-first type of nursing school in US
-hopsital-based nursing program
-3 years or less
-no degree
-declining interest today --> most go for BSN

2

Associate Degree Programs

-2 year at junior/community college
-developed in 1952 by Mildred Montag
-initial scope was "bedside/technical" nurse
-curriculum more integrated
-popular b/c low cost, part time school, shorter duration
-concerns: AD nurses placed in inappropriate roles, may need additional orientation

3

Who was Mildred Montag?

developed first associate degree program in 1952

4

Baccalaureate Degree Programs

-broad scope of education
-increased socialization with non-nursing students
-ANA minimum prep for professional nursing practice
-four year at college/university
-RN to BSN: advanced placement (accelerated option)

5

Graduate Education: Masters

-pre 1960, majority of graduate degrees were form other disciplines
PURPOSE: prepare professional nursing leaders in advanced practice, teaching, and administration
-programs vary in admission requirements, curriculum, length
--> advanced practice: clinical nurse specialist, NP, nurse anesthetist, midwifery
*clinically based, research focused, thesis/cumulative project, dual degree, graduate teaching/research assistant option

6

Graduate Education: Doctoral

-four to six years
1. PhD: most prestigious, expected to expand theory/create new nursing knowledge
2. DNP: clinical doctorate, focus on advanced practice nursing or leadership with translational research

7

Where was the first baccalaureate degree school at? When?

University of Minnesota in 1909

8

Accreditation of Nursing Programs

-ensures quality
-approval by State Board
--> NLNAC (National League for Nurse Accrediting Commission)
--> CCNE (Commission on Collegiate Nursing Commission)

9

Continuing Education

-ongoing learning required to effectively deliver quality healthcare
-26 states require CEUs
Sources:
-courses
-conferences/seminars
-journal articles
-inservices
-internet

10

Practical (Vocational) Nursing

*LPN
-12-18 month program
-direct pt care/little theory

11

Nursing Assistant

unlicensed assistive personnel
-role: assist with ADLs
-operate under supervising nurse's license

12

Ambulatory Care

-no overnight stay
--> physician office, community heath center, urgent care, clinic, birthing center, hospice

13

Hospitals

-numerous departments
-largest number of personnel
-licensed by state
-diversified services

14

Federal Government (care)

-VA
-Dept of Justice
-Health Resources and Services Administration
-Indian Health Service
-Medicare

15

State Government (care)

-medicaid
-mental health institutions
-public health services

16

Local Government (care)

city/county health department

17

Emergency Medical Services

-contractual relationship with city/county
-affiliation with hospital
-provide pre-hospital emergent care
--> EMT, paramedics

18

Home Health Care

-basic to advanced services
-may assist in obtaining/coordinating other health care services
-private or hospital affiliation

19

Long-Term Care

assisted living, nursing home

20

Chiropractors

-treat structural/neurological problems
-4 years of study
-recognized as doctors of chiropractic

21

Laboratory

-analysis of blood, tissues, or fluids
1. Medical Technologists: 4 year education, fork with microbiology section/blood bank
2. Certified Lab Tech: 2 year education, routine work
3. Phlebotomist: no education, draw blood

22

Dentistry

-treat oral disease/disorder
1. Dentists: undergrad + 3-4 years of study
2. Dental Hygienists: 2-4 years of education, see pts, take x-rays, clean teeth
3. Denturists: 2 year education (make dentures/crowns/ridges)
4. Dental Assistants

23

Nutrition

1. Dietitians: 4 year degree, select diets, counseling, management
2. Dietetic Technician: 2 year degree, assist dietitian

24

Health Services Management

-Hospital Administrator
-Financial Manager
-Information systems
-Materials Management
-HR
-->work on strategic planning, ensuring safety/quality, masters degree

25

Medical Records

-->prepare, collate, and organize pt records
-provide info for reimbursement
1. Registered Record Administrator: 4 year degree
2. Record Technician: 2 year degree
3. Health Information Management Specialist: oversees dept

26

Medicine

-->prevent, diagnose, and treat disease/injury
1. MD: doctor of medicine
2. DO: doctor of osteopathy
-4 years after undergraduate (2 clinical years + 2 classwork), 3-5 years of residency, 2-3 years of fellowship to specialize

27

Physical Assistants

--> assist physician in practice
-education ranges from certificate to masters degree
-residency available
-under direct supervision of physician

28

Medical Assistants

-employed in physician offices
-clinical tasks (vitals, etc)
-insurance/billing
-maintain pt records
-1 year certificate to 2 year degree

29

EMT vs. paramedic

EMT: basic life support, first aid, transport (110 hour course)
Paramedic: advanced life support (allowed to intubate, etc) (600/1000 hour program to 2 year degree)

30

Nursing Support

1. Unlicensed Assistive Personnel (CNA)
2. Surgical Tech
3. Psychiatric-Mental Health Tech
4. Unit Clerk