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Flashcards in Exam 2- Book Notes Deck (95)
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anorexia nervosa

psychological disorder in which a person drastically reduces food intake or refuses to eat at all. results in excessive weight loss

1

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

2

bulimia

psychological condition in which a person alternately eats excessively and then fasts or refuses to eat

3

cataract

condition of the eye where the lens becomes cloudy of opaque, leading to blindness

4

compensation

something given or received as an equivalent for loss, service or debt; defense mechanism involving substitution of one goal for another goal to achieve success

5

disease

any condition that interferes with the normal function of the body

6

displacement

defense mechanism where feelings for one person are transferred to someone else

7

dyshagia

difficulty in swallowing

8

dysuria

difficult or painful urination

9

glaucoma

eye disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure

10

hospice

program designed to provide care for the terminally ill while allowing them to die with dignity: quality over quantity

11

incontinence

unable to voluntarily control urination or defecation

12

living will

a legal document stating a person's desires on what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when their condition is terminal

13

ombudsman

specially trained individual who acts as an advocate for others to improve care or conditions

14

osteoporosis

condition in which bones become porous and brittle because of lack or loss of calcium, phosphorous, and other minerals

15

pacing

symptom of cognitive impairment, walking back and forth, causes weight loss

16

projection

defense mechanism in which an individual places the blame for his or her actions on someone else or circumstances

17

puberty

period of growth and development during which secondary sexual characteristics begin to develop

18

rationalization

defense mechanism involving the use of a reasonable excuse as explanation for behavior

19

reality orientation

activities that help promote awareness of place, time, and person

20

self-actualization

achieving one's full potential

21

suppression

defense mechanism used by an individual who is aware of unacceptable feelings or thoughts but refuses to deal with them

22

thrombus

blood clot

23

withdrawl

defense mechanism in which an individual either ceases to communicate or physically removes self from a situation

24

7 year old children characteristics

muscle coordination well developed, speech skills develop, fears begin to be replaced with abilities to cope, activities by themselves, want approval of parents and friends

25

causes of alzheimers

genetics, too much aluminum in diet, slow growing virus

26

Alzheimer's

form of dementia in which there is a gradual decline in intellectual capacities that leads to changes in personalities and in ability to perform activities of daily living

28

DNR

do not resuscitate: caregivers will not go to extraordinary measures to prolong life

29

Communication

ongoing dynamic series of events in which meaning is generated and transmitted

30

communication barriers

physical disabilities, psychological barriers, cultural diversity