exam 2 assessment summer 2020 Flashcards Preview

SUM '20 - Health Assessment > exam 2 assessment summer 2020 > Flashcards

Flashcards in exam 2 assessment summer 2020 Deck (25)
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1

• Tendons connect muscle to

bone

2

• Ligaments connect bone to

bone

3

Synovial fluid is a thin lubricating

fluid

4

Bursa are small pockets of

synovial fluid

5

TYPES OF INJURIES – BONE

• Fractures are the most common
• Cancer
• Connection requiring tendons and ligaments
• Bruises

6

TYPES OF INJURIES - MUSCLE

• Over use
• Inflammation
• Infection

7

injury of ligaments or capsule (specific)

• Sprain –

8

injury involves tendon/muscles (generalized)

• Strain -

• Graded
I - stable joint and minimal tearing
II – incomplete tear, painful weight bearing, decreased ROM
III – complete tear, swelling mechanical instability and loss of function, unable to weight bear

9

PAIN

• From lack of blood supply
• From neuropathy
• Injury
• Change in Motor function

10

use of Tobacco alcohol and recreational drugs on ones health

slowed healing and
risk of falls trauma

11

Musculoskeletal Red Flags

• Hx of major trauma
• Hot and/or swollen joints
• Systemic/constitutional symptoms
• Focal or diffuse weakness
• Neurogenic Pain
• Claudication
• Poorly Localized pain/ recent surgery
• Unrelenting nighttime pain

12

5 P’S OF MS HISTORY

• Pain
• Paralysis
• Paresthesia
• Pallor
• Pulses

13

EXAMINATION OF MS SYSTEm

• Inspection
• Palpation
• ROM
• Muscle strength & Tone
• Neurological integrity
• Ligamentous Test

14

• Muscle strength grading

 Grade 1 trace – 5 normal

15

• Mechanism of injury - exam/assessment

 Proximal and distal to pain

16

• DTR grading

 1 absent – 5 hyperactive
• Compare good to bad side

17

• Onset –

sudden, gradual, insidious, combination

18

• Duration –

constant, unremitting, intermittent, post use, intermittent

19

• Location/radiation –

be specific lateral shoulder, point to location unilateral versus bilateral

20

• Quality/severity –

rate from 1-10 or use face scale, burning, sharp, dull, aching, numbness, tingling

21

• Disability –

is there a limitation

22

•**** Sudden onset - suggests

fracture or large tear

23

****Gradual onset - suggests

inflammation

24

• Duration-

systemic versus local and chronic versus acute

25

• Location –

remember pain may be referred