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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (117)
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T or F: a mesomorph is a skinny person

False

1

Ethical assumptions deal with:

Whether a variable is right or wrong, good or bad

2

T or F: strain theorists believe that people are basically bad

False

3

Classical theorists of deviance believe that punishment should:

Fit the crime, not the individual

4

T or F: In the following hypothesis, the independent variable is suicide: "Suicide rates increase as social integration decreases"

False

5

T or F: strain theorists believe that crime is a result of strain and a lack of social control

False

6

The "Dark Ages" was characterized by the dominance of:

The Catholic Church
The point of view that the world could only be understood through theological eyes
The thought that the world and the people could not be changed

7

Classical theory came out of the philosophy of the:

Enlightenment (the age of reason)

8

Classical theorists believed that people were ___ and were responsible for their actions

Hedonistic and free willed

9

The important classical criminologist is:

Cesare Beccaria (Father of the Classical School of Crime)

10

The classical thinkers wanted to:

Protect people from corruption and the misuse of power
Do away with arbitrary and barbarian punishment
Give people due process

11

If you believe in the classical theory, you:

Rich people and poor people should be treated the same for the same crime

12

Positivist theorists of deviance:

Focus on cause and effect
Assume crime is caused by many variables
Believe that most people are in agreement about what is criminal

13

To or F: the Gluecks found that compared to delinquent boys, delinquent girls had less affection from their parents

False

14

T or F: if you say that deviance is bad, you are making an epistemological assumption

False

15

T or F: a negative correlation between variables exists when one variable goes down and the other variable goes down as well.

False

16

T or F: Sheldon believed that endomorphic boys were more delinquent than mezzomorphic boys

False

17

T or F: in the following hypothesis, the independent variable is cheating: cheating decreases as social pressure decreases

False

18

T or F: symbolic interactionists, compared to structural functionalists, would spend more time focusing on the delinquent's understanding of his or her situation

True

19

T or F: Thomas Hobbes believed that people were basically good

False

20

T or F: if you believe that even a little deviance is a bad thing for society, then you are making an ethical decision

True

21

T or F: Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that people were basically bad

False

22

T or F: John Locke believed people were born neither good nor bad

True

23

T or F: one way that Beccaria believed that crime could be prevented was by rewarding virtue

True

24

T or F: biological positivist believe that structure determines function

True

25

T or F: the principle of utility meant punishment was for prevention only

True

26

T or F: Beccaria's social contract is an invisible agreement

True

27

T or F: according to Beccaria punishment is primarily meant to deter deviance and crime

True

28

T or F: the Gluecks studied 500 delinquent boys

True

29

T or F: biological positivists belong to the classical school of crime

False