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Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Deck (35)
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1

Anthropology comes from the Greek words anthropos and ology and is:

the study of humans

2

This person is known as the “father of modern anthropology”

Franz Boas

3

Term:
To consider how one’s identity and personal views may impact research

reflexivity

4

This concept suggests that language shapes one’s views/thinking of the world

The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

5

This early hominid is associated with the Acheulian hand ax

homo erectus

6

Oldowan tools are associated with which early ancestor?

Australopithecus garthi

7

Term:
This leads to improved understanding of “the other”

relativism

8

Term:
A list of words for names, events, and ideas existing in a particular language is known as a:

lexicon

9

As of 2014, approximately ______ percent of the world’s population has access to the internet.

40

10

What is the equation for the interaction of nature and nurture on an individual's development?

Genotype - Environment - Phenotype

11

What is the Nacirema's "mouth ritual"?

Brushing their teeth

12

Example of ethnocentrism

• Viewing another religion as fundamentally wrong,
• Calling another culture's practices "savage".
• Assuming a less technological culture is less evolved.

13

Cumulative cultural learning (Legare 2017) human success is due to:

• Our ability to transmit culture via writing.
• Our ability to learn from distant generations.
• Our ability to share ideas globally.

14

The Nacirema are ______ and their "listeners" are _____.

Americans; psychologists

15

List the Four Field Holistic Approach

1. Physical/Biological Anthro
2. Linguistic Anthro
3. Archeology
4. Cultural Anthro

16

Term:
Belief that one's own culture or way of life is normal and/or natural; using one's own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and ideas of others:

ethnocentrism

17

What is the cultural tape from Sherry Ortner?

the human memory is fallible; the collection of different people's memories allow you to get a more accurate truth/memory.

18

What is anthropometrics?

body measurements

19

Cross-culture comparison

ethnology

20

Using other people's quotes

polyvocality

21

What are kinesics?

gesture; body language

22

Term:
What are the smallest units of sound that can have meaning?
(b, p, i, g)

phonemes

23

Term:
What are the smallest units of sounds that have their own meaning?
(big, pig)

morphemes

24

Term:
What goes where in a sentence
(subject, verb, object, orientation)

syntax

25

Term:
General term for rules of syntax and words formation

grammar

26

Term:
Changes in the frequency of an allele in a population overtime

evolution

27

Term:
Human guided reproduction of other species

synthetic selection

28

Term:
Mating within a group

endogamy

29

Term:
Mating outside a group

exogamy

30

What is the name of the nearly complete skeleton?

Nariokotome Boy