Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Deck (35)
Anthropology comes from the Greek words anthropos and ology and is:
the study of humans
This person is known as the “father of modern anthropology”
To consider how one’s identity and personal views may impact research
This concept suggests that language shapes one’s views/thinking of the world
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
This early hominid is associated with the Acheulian hand ax
Oldowan tools are associated with which early ancestor?
This leads to improved understanding of “the other”
A list of words for names, events, and ideas existing in a particular language is known as a:
As of 2014, approximately ______ percent of the world’s population has access to the internet.
What is the equation for the interaction of nature and nurture on an individual's development?
Genotype - Environment - Phenotype
What is the Nacirema's "mouth ritual"?
Brushing their teeth
Example of ethnocentrism
• Viewing another religion as fundamentally wrong,
• Calling another culture's practices "savage".
• Assuming a less technological culture is less evolved.
Cumulative cultural learning (Legare 2017) human success is due to:
• Our ability to transmit culture via writing.
• Our ability to learn from distant generations.
• Our ability to share ideas globally.
The Nacirema are ______ and their "listeners" are _____.
List the Four Field Holistic Approach
1. Physical/Biological Anthro
2. Linguistic Anthro
4. Cultural Anthro
Belief that one's own culture or way of life is normal and/or natural; using one's own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and ideas of others:
What is the cultural tape from Sherry Ortner?
the human memory is fallible; the collection of different people's memories allow you to get a more accurate truth/memory.
What is anthropometrics?
Using other people's quotes
What are kinesics?
gesture; body language
What are the smallest units of sound that can have meaning?
(b, p, i, g)
What are the smallest units of sounds that have their own meaning?
What goes where in a sentence
(subject, verb, object, orientation)
General term for rules of syntax and words formation
Changes in the frequency of an allele in a population overtime
Human guided reproduction of other species
Mating within a group
Mating outside a group