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Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Deck (61)
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Define family

Relationship by blood, marriage, or affection in which members may cooperate economically and/or be intimately connected

1

Define marriage

An institutional arrangement between persons to publicly recognize social and intimate bonds

2

Functions of family/marriage (6)

Regulation of sexual behavior
Reproducing/socializing children
Property/inheritance
Economic cooperation
Social placement and roles
Care, protection & intimacy

3

Micro level vs macro level
Which psychologist?

Individual characteristics and personal decision making

Social, cultural, economical and political forces

Bronfenbrenner

4

Patterns of marriage

Monogamy, polygamy

5

Nonrelatives whose bonds are strong and intimate?

Fictive kin

6

Patterns of authority

Matriarchal, patriarchal, egalitarian

7

Patterns of descent

Bilateral, patrilineal, matrilineal

8

Patterns of residence

Neolocal, patrilocal, matrilocal

9

Chinese families in transitions

Book

10

Average age for marriage for men and women

Women 26
Men 28

11

Which theory?
Adopts economic model of human behavior
Rewards vs costs
Cost benefit analysis
Comparison level of alternatives
Exit costs
Equity

Social exchange

12

Which theory?
Family subsystems
Boundaries (internal/external)
Family interactions

Family systems

13

Which theory?
Reality is not fixed
Symbols
Looking glass self
Self fulfilling prophecy

Symbolic interaction

14

Which theory?
Centrality of conflict in relationships
Power (financial, physical, love)

Conflict

15

Feminism 3 things one must meet to be considered a feminist

Men are privileged to women
Belief that's not right
You're going to do something about it

16

Which theory/perspective?
4 levels of context:
Micro
Meso
Exo
Macrosystem

Ecological

17

Which theory?
Change over time
Transitions and stages
Historical time
Timing of events
Agency

Life course/developmental

18

Which theory?
Organization and function of family by dividing roles of members
Separate spheres for men and women lead to stability
Ignored gendered nature of these spheres and issues of tension

Structural functionalism

19

Singlehood
Percent that never marry?
Voluntary temporary singles
Voluntary stable singles
Involuntary temporary singles

4%
Delaying marriage but interested in marrying someday. Vast majority
Want to be single for life
Want to be married but cannot seem to find a partner

20

Functions and scripts of dating
Women
Men

Women- waiting to be asked, buying new outfit, eating lightly, primping
Men- asking, preparing car, money, planning, paying bill, walking to door

21

Trends in cohabitation (4)

Prior to marriage
For divorced or separated
Length of relationships
Stability

22

Why more cohabitation? (4)

Timing of marriage
Attitudes regarding sexuality have changed
Changes in meaning of marriage
Career and educational commitments

23

Reasons why people cohabit (7)

Convenience
Economics
Trial for marriage
Engagement
Alternative to marriage
Security
Rebellion

24

Characteristics of cohabiters (4)

Unstable family backgrounds
Less religious
Less education/income
More conflicts in relationships

25

Cohabiters and commitment

Less commitment

26

When they compared cohabiters who eventually intended to get married vs married couples what did they find?

No difference in relationship quality

27

Gay and lesbian cohabiters
Problems?
Similarities with opposite sex?

Often cannot form legal union
Kurdek: more egalitarian roles

28

A strong affection for one another arising out of kinship or personal ties; attraction based on sexual desire; and affection based on admiration, benevolence or common interests

LOVE

29

2 theories of gender role development

Social learning theory
Cognitive developmental theory