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1

Recommended separation of education from hospital service. Increase admission standards, and strengthen collegiate nursing schools

Goldmark report

2

Stated that nursing education should be in colleges with the right accreditation, not in hospitals. Encourage recruitment of men and minorities.

the Brown Report

3

Minimum preparation for beginning professional nursing practice is baccalaureate degree education.

ANA position paper

4

• People couldn’t afford hospital costs, so they opted for private duty nurses because it was cheaper or free if provided by nursing students
• After the closure of hospital-based nursing schools, many nurses faced unemployment. Government cope by;
o Forming Federal Healthcare Programs: hospital hired started to paid minimal wages to nurses
o Nurses’ performance lead to a greater respect for the profession

The great depression on nursing

5

What are the four factors that changed nursing?

*1. Religious Ideals and Humanitarian Aims
2. Technology & Advancements in Medicine
3. War:
4. Traditional Role of Women and Feminism

6

What nursing theory did Florence Nightingale?

environmental thery

7

What nursing theory did Jean Watson have?

caring theory

8

what nursing theory did hildegard pelau have?

interpersonal theory

9

what nursing theory did Virginia Henderson?

need theory

10

what nursing theory did betty neuman have?

systems theory

11

what nursing theory did sister callista roy have?

adaptive model

12

what nursing theory did madeleine leininger?

transcultural care

13

Focuses on the environment alterations; ventilation, warmth, light, diet, cleanliness, noise.

environmental theory

14

Effective caring promotes health and individuals & family growth.

caring theory

15

The relationship between nurse, patient, and family is necessary to meet goals

interpersonal theory

16

Assist patient with their 14 human needs while they recover and achieve independence

need theory

17

If one area does NOT work, it can affect the whole system because everything is connected

systems theory

18

Environmental stimuli results in human response, which could be adaptive or ineffective

adaptive model

19

Patient should always be provided with cultural-specific nursing care

Transcultural Care

20

The activity used to minimize the spread of pathogens

infection control

21

Applies to contact with infected patients or their environment. Must wear gloves and gown.

contact isolation

22

Applies to patients infected with a pathogen (respiratory infections- pneumonia, influenza, whooping cough, bacterial meningitis) that is transmitted by droplets (3-6 fee). Must wear gloves, gown, & mask. Patient with mask when out of room.

droplet isolation

23

Applied to patients infected with an airborne pathogen (Measles, Varicella, Tuberculosis, chikenpox). Must wear gloves, gown, and N95 respirator. Patient with a mask when out of the room. Room equipped with negative air flow.

airborne isolation

24

(clean technique) measures taken to control and reduce the number of pathogens.

medical aseptic technique

25

(sterile technique) measures used to eliminate any pathogens from the area.

surgical aseptic technique

26

Underlying soft tissue & blood vessels damage without edges or epidermis torn (bruises/contusion, suspected deep issue injury)

closed wound

27

There is a break in the skin or mucous membrane.

open wound

28

tearing injury, irregular edges

laceration

29

superficial, involving scraping or rubbing of superficial layers of skin

abrasion

30

penetrating injury due to pointed object

puncture