Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (6)
Two main types of Developmental Theories
Grand Theories: psychoanalytic, behaviorism (learning theory), & cognitive theory
New Theories: multicultural & multidisciplinary; sociocultural & universal theories
How do theories contribute to understanding development?
Cognitive- how thinking affects actions
Behaviorism- how the immediate environment affects actions
Psychoanalytic- awareness of early childhood social and emotional experiences
Other factors in determining sex?
Rarely sperm may have only an X or a Y
Uterus may be inhospitable to one sex chromosome
Stressful pregnancies abort makes more often
At 8 cell stage, differentiation occurs
Begin growing & developing at different rates according to what body structures they will become.
Period of the Embryo
Fastest period of growth
Many critical development stages; teratogens may do most harm in this period
At end of period, all organs present and functioning, with the exception of sex organs