Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (6)
Loading flashcards...

Two main types of Developmental Theories

Grand Theories: psychoanalytic, behaviorism (learning theory), & cognitive theory

New Theories: multicultural & multidisciplinary; sociocultural & universal theories


How do theories contribute to understanding development?

Cognitive- how thinking affects actions

Behaviorism- how the immediate environment affects actions

Psychoanalytic- awareness of early childhood social and emotional experiences


Other factors in determining sex?

Rarely sperm may have only an X or a Y

Uterus may be inhospitable to one sex chromosome

Stressful pregnancies abort makes more often


Describe differentiation

At 8 cell stage, differentiation occurs

Cells specialize

Begin growing & developing at different rates according to what body structures they will become.


Period of the Embryo


Fastest period of growth

Many critical development stages; teratogens may do most harm in this period

At end of period, all organs present and functioning, with the exception of sex organs


Teratogen Risk

Timing of exposure

Dosage/Frequency in relation to threshold

Exposure to more than one teratogen may produce effects not seen in each teratogen alone