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Flashcards in Evaluation apprehension theory Deck (15)
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1

who thought of this theory

Cottrell, 1972

2

Cottrell believed what

that social facilitation was constructed through our learning experiences of rewards and punishments.
Building on drive theory by stating that it's the evaluation that causes the dominant response as opposed to the mere presence of others
Someone evaluating you can cause upset and anxiety

3

Social facilitation in EA theory

confident in ability=being watched makes you perform well=high arousal=high stake situation

4

social inhibition in EA theory

not confident=worrying about task=performance decreases

5

study by Cottrell 1968

conducted an experiment where participants took part in a simple task where they had to read nonsense words out loud, some of the participants' audience were blindfolded and some were not. The use of the blindfold took away the feeling of judgement,
Results shows that when the audience were blindfolded, there were less mistakes made when compared to those who had the not blindfolded audience

6

easy task...

drive overtakes and performance increases

7

difficult task...

conflict narrow resources, performance decreases

8

What did Guerin and Innes 1982 find

that social facilitation effects might mainly happen when participants could not observe the audience are so are unsure about their evaluation

9

What did Bartis et al 1998 do

conducted an experiment where participants had to think of uses for knives. Half the participants had to think of creative uses (complex task) They further halved the groups; one half into thinking they were being evaluated independently and the other half into thinking they were being evaluated as a group.
Results showed that those who were tested individually had more results in the simple task than in the complex task
So, being evaluated increases performance on simple tasks but not on difficult

10

what did Henchy and Glass find in 1968

that males who felt their performance was being evaluated gave a more dominant response than those who were not being evaluated

11

Further extension by who?

Blascovich et al 2008

12

Explain Blascovich et al 2008

activation only increases when participants feel the audience is capable of evaluating the performance
They found that when participants performed in front of an audience that was focused just on them- not distracted, they gave better performance

13

Who conducted a meta analysis

Bond 1983

14

what did bond find

that even when in the presence of non-visible, non-evaluative audiences, then responses are still better
CONTRADICTORY
MORE RESEARCH NEEDS TO BE DONE

15

ORDER

what is the EA theory
Cottrell 1968
Studies; Guerin and Innes 1982
Bartis et al 1988
Henchy and Glass 1968
Further extension- Blascovich et al 2008
Bond 1983