European Renaissance and Reformation - Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in European Renaissance and Reformation - Chapter 17 Deck (24)
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1

Period of rebirth of art and learning in Europe lasting from about 1300 to 1600

Renaissance

2

Focus on human potential and achievements

Humanism

3

Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters

Secular

4

People who financially supported artists

Patrons

5

Art technique that recreates three dimensions

Perspective

6

Use of native language instead of classical Latin

Vernacular

7

An ideal place

Utopia

8

Famous Renaissance writer

William Shakespeare

9

German craftsman who developed the printing press

Johann Gutenberg

10

Release from punishments due for a sin

Indulgence

11

16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of new Christian churches

Reformation

12

Member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther

Lutheran

13

Member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation

Protestant

14

Agreement in 1555 declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler

Peace of Augsburg

15

Cancel or put an end to

Annul

16

Relating to the Church of England

Anglican

17

Doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be saved

Predestination

18

Religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin

Calvinism

19

Government controlled by religious leaders

Theocracy

20

Member of a Protestant church governed by elders and founded by John Knox

Presbyterian

21

Member of a Protestant group during the Reformation who believed only adults should be baptized. Also believed that church and state should be separate

Anabaptist

22

16th-century Catholic reform movement in response to Protestant Reformation

Catholic Reformation

23

Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola

Jesuits

24

Meeting of Roman Catholic leaders to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers

Council of Trent