European Architecture Flashcards Preview

Art History > European Architecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in European Architecture Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

Why was the S. Maria delle Carceri built?

A boy had a vision of the Virgin Mary

2

How are Classical elements of the S. Maria delle Carceri emphasised?

Use of dark strips of stone

3

Is there a purpose for the pediment over the door of the S. Maria delle Carceri?

No, it is purely ornamental

4

What function does the S. Maria delle Carceri have?

It is a pilgrimage church

5

What form does the S. Maria delle Carceri have?

Greek cross plan

6

What plan church began to b dedicated to the Virgin Mary?

Greek cross plan

7

What is an aedicule?

Two columns or pilasters and a pediment over an opening, door or a window (a representation, in minaiture, of a temple front)

8

How did Palladio view architecture?

A representational art

9

What did Palladio consider Classical ornament to be based on?

Wooden structural forms

10

Who designed the entrance for the Porta Pia?

Michelangelo

11

What could 'Mannerist' mean referring to the Porta Pia?

1) undermining of idea that the pilaster is holding form or 2) ornament which is just made up has no precedent at all

12

When was the Villa Rotunda built?

1565

13

How did Flötner depict 'savage' pre-historic men in his illustrations for Vitruvius' 'The origin of Dwellings'?

Classical figures

14

How did Goujon learn most of his knowledge of Classical architecture?

Reading, he had never been to Fome before any of his projects were completed

15

Who designed the Banqueting House?

Indigo Jones

16

Who designed the Church of the Visitation?

François Mansart

17

Who designed the allegorical statues for Newgate Prison and the shackled figure outside Bethlam Royal Hospital?

Fails Gabriel Cibber

18

Who designed Somerset House?

William Chambers

19

Who design Burlington House?

Lord Burlington

20

What is he term for a semi-circular window divided into three parts by two vertical lines?

Diocletian or thermal

21

What is the term for a three-part window with the middle part arched and wider than the others?

Serliana

22

Who designed the Villa Rotinda?

Palladio

23

What period of architecture does Neoclassicism refer to?

Later 18th century

24

How could you describe Neoclassicism?

It is a faithful and obvious adherence to ancient prototypes

25

What did Neoclassicism reject?

It rejects lavish dolays of classical ornament for the sake of an austere, volumetric simplicity

26

What was Laugier opposed to?

Unnecessary ornamentation

27

Who was Laugier influenced by?

John Soane

28

How did Laugier view pilasters?

'Bizarre'

29

What surprising example of Antiquity did Nicholas Revett use in 'The Antiquities of Athens'?

'Tower of the Winds'

30

Who designed Strawberry Hill?

William Chambers