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07. Year 2: Alimentary System > Ethics of Supplemental Feeding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ethics of Supplemental Feeding Deck (15)
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1

What is ethics?

Study of moral standards and how they affect conduct

2

What are the 4 rules of being a doctor in terms of ethics?

Principles of non-malfeasance

Principle of beneficence

Respect for autonomy

Justice

3

What is the principle of non-malfeasance?

Protect the patient from harm

4

What is the principle of beneficence?

Promote the patient's welfare

5

What does respect for autonomy mean?

Informed consent, right to make ones own choices

6

What does justice mean in terms of medicine?

Fair in dealings with patients, colleagues and society

7

What are the general principles of human rights legislation?

Article 2, right to life

Article 3, prohibition of torture

Article 8, right to respect for private and family life

8

Why is euthanasia so difficult and controversial?

There is no UK law for it yet

9

What is euphanasia?

Active steps taken to end someone's life to stop their suffering

10

What does "incapable" mean in terms of the law?

Incapable of:

acting or

communicating decisions or

understanding decisions or

retaining the memory of decisions

11

What are the primary roles of medicine?

To benefit the patient by restoring or maintaining the patient's health as far as possible

If treatment fails or ceases to give a net benefit to the patient or the patient has completely refused the treatment then the goal cannot be realised and the justification for providing treatment is removed

12

What is the difference between basic care and treatment?

Food and fluid are basic care

Any tube is treatment

13

What should be done when trialing treatment?

Agre a trial of treatment for a reasonable period of time

Try to set definable targets

Decide in advance how a decision will be reached

Review decision at that time

If appropriate, act on it

14

What is a patient's autonomy highly protected by?

Law

15

What should be remembered about documentation?

Always document what you are doing, they are legal documents and the protection from patients word against your word