EPPP Test Questions Flashcards Preview

EPPP (Libby) > EPPP Test Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in EPPP Test Questions Deck (310)
Loading flashcards...
1

"Vicarious liability" is most likely to be a concern when a psychologist is acting in the role of:
a. supervisor.
b. advocate.
c. faculty member.
d. talk show host.

a. supervisor (Correct Answer) Under certain circumstances, supervisors and employers may be legally responsible for the actions of their supervisees and employees. This is referred to as vicarious liability.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

2

Pro bono work is:
a. required by the Ethics Code.
b. encouraged by the Ethics Code.
c. prohibited by the Ethics Code.
d. not addressed by the Ethics Code.

b. encouraged by the Ethics Code. (Correct Answer) General Principle B (Fidelity and Responsibility) of the Ethics Code states that psychologists “strive to contribute a portion of their professional time for little or no compensation or personal advantage." An implication of this statement is that the Ethics Code recommends (encourages) pro bono services since the General Principles are aspirational rather than enforceable guidelines.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

3

Your new ‘client is a 37-year-old woman whose symptoms meet the diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder. After your third session with her, she tells you that she was in treatment with another psychologist but terminated after the psychologist made sexual advances toward her. She does not want you to discuss this matter with anyone. To be consistent with the provisions of the ethics codes of the American and Canadian Psychology Association, your best course of action would be to:
a. inform the client of the limits of confidentiality and report the unethical behavior.
b. inform the client of the limits of confidentiality and contact the other psychologist.
c. discuss the client's options with her and maintain her confidentiality unless she signs a release.
d. contact the Ethics Committee to determine what the appropriate steps would be in this situation.

c. discuss the client's options with her and maintain her confidentiality unless she signs a release.(Correct Answer) The ethics codes of the American and Canadian Psychological Associations require psychologists to take action when they learn of an ethical violation by another psychologist, but only after considering the client's confidentiality. This eliminates responses a and b since neither mentions the client's confidentiality. In addition, it is often in the best interests of the client to allow him/her to decide what action to take.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

4

You receive a letter from the Ethics Committee asking for information about a former client who has filed a complaint against her current therapist. You stopped seeing the client over seven years ago you should:
a. cooperate with the Committee's request by sending it a copy of the client’s file.
b. cooperate with the Committee's request by sending it the information you believe to be relevant to the case.
c. cooperate with the Committee's request by sending it the information you believe to be relevant to the case after confirming that the client has signed a release.
d. inform the Committee that the information you have about the client is obsolete and that you're ethically obligated not to release it.

c. cooperate with the Committee's request by sending it the information you believe to be relevant to the case after confirming that the client has signed a release. (Correct Answer) When contacted by the Ethics Committee, a psychologist must cooperate fully. However, as noted in Standard 1.06, a psychologist is also obligated to "address any confidentiality issues." (If you believe the information is obsolete, you should make a note of that when you forward the information to the Committee.)
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

5

You want to start treating clients who believe they have been abducted by aliens, but you have never worked with members of this population before. Your best course of action would be to:
a. start seeing these clients and consult with someone who is familiar with this population if you run into any problems.
b. start seeing these clients after establishing a consultative relationship with someone who is familiar with this population.
c. take a continuing education class related to the treatment of members of this population.
d. place an ad in the National Enquirer to let members of this population know about the availability of your services.

b. start seeing these clients after establishing a consultative relationship with someone who is familiar with this population. (Correct Answer) Standard 2.01 of the APA's Ethics Code and Principles 11.6 and 11.8 of the Canadian Code of Ethics require psychologists to provide services only within the boundaries of their competence and to seek education, training, supervision, or consultation when necessary. When working with a new population, the best course is usually to obtain supervision or consultation.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

6

Dr. Stern is a psychologist who assists with hiring and promotion decisions at a mental health clinic. She recommends that one of the psychologists not be considered for promotion because of an unresolved charge of sexual harassment against him. This is:
a. consistent with the provisions of the Ethics Code.
b. a violation of the provisions of the Ethics Code.
c. ethical as long as the clinic reconsiders the psychologist if he is acquitted of the charge.
d. not addressed in the Ethics Code.

b. a violation of the provisions of the Ethics Code. (Correct Answer) Dr. Stern's action violates Standard 1.08 of the Ethics Code, which states that “psychologists do not deny persons employment, advancement, admissions to academic or other programs, tenure, or promotion, based solely upon their having made or their being the subject of an ethics complaint.“
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions on Intro. & Applicability, Preamble, and General Principles; Standard 1 (Resolving Ethical Issues); & Standard 2 (Competence)

7

During his first therapy session, a client tells Dr. Goodwill that he wants to pay for therapy in cash and doesn't want Dr. Goodwill to keep a record of the therapy sessions or his payments. If Dr. Goodwill agrees to this arrangement she has acted:
a. ethically as long as she ascertains that the client's reasons for making this request are valid.
b. ethically since it is up to Dr. Goodwill to decide what to include in her therapy records.
c. ethically and legally as long as she includes the client's payments as income on her income tax forms.
d. unethically and possibly illegally.

d. unethically and possibly illegally. (Correct Answer) A psychologist‘s ethical obligations regarding client records are addressed in Standard 6.01 of the Ethics Code, the APA's Record Keeping Guidelines, and Principle H. 19 of the Canadian Code of Ethics, which require psychologists to maintain adequate records. These requirements are consistent with laws in many jurisdictions that not only mandate maintaining client records but also describe their minimum content.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

8

Dr. Bertha Black's advertisement for her seminar on relaxation techniques invites the public to “come hear an in-depth lecture on techniques to help reduce the stress of daily living.” The advertised cost for her four-hour seminar is $50. While preparing her lecture the night before the presentation, Dr. Black decides it would be valuable to demonstrate some of her techniques with the group. She decides that, instead of lecturing for the full four hours, she will have attendees divide into groups for the last two hours to experiment with the techniques. According to ethical standards, this is:
a. ethical if she allows participants to leave after the lecture portion of the seminar.
b. ethical if the demonstration is well executed and educational.
c. unethical since she advertised the seminar as a “lecture.”
d. unethical because she plans to spend some of the time lecturing when the most beneficial part will probably be the experiential portion

c. unethical since she advertised the seminar as a “lecture.” (Correct Answer) Psychologists must accurately describe the nature of their services in brochures, advertisements, etc. Dr. Black advertised that she would present a lecture, and participants paid to attend her seminar on that basis. It would unethical to add an experiential component to her seminar, especially when it constitutes such a large part of the seminar.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

9

The term “privilege” is best described as:
a. a general term referring to the right to privacy.
b. an ethical term referring to an obligation not to reveal confidential information.
c. the legal equivalent of the ethical concept of confidentiality.
d. a legal term referring to the protection of confidential information in legal proceedings.

d. a legal term referring to the protection of confidential information in legal proceedings. (Correct Answer) Privilege is a legal concept that protects a client's confidentiality in the context of legal proceedings.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

10

While treating a client, you decide that you want to consult with a colleague to discuss a specific aspect of the case that is giving you trouble. According to APA’s Ethics Code and the Canadian Code of Ethics:
a. you must always obtain permission from the client before talking to a consultant.
b. you must obtain permission from the client only if you will be revealing the client's identity to the consultant.
c. you don't have to obtain permission from the client as long as he/she has already signed a general waiver.
d. you do not have to obtain permission from the client under any circumstances since the consultant is “clearly connected" with the case.

b. you must obtain permission from the client only if you will be revealing the client's identity to the consultant. (Correct Answer) This response is most consistent with Standard 4.06 of the APA's Ethics Code and Principle 1.45 of the Canadian Code of Ethics - e.g., Standard 4.06 states that, “when consulting with colleagues, psychologists do not disclose confidential information that reasonably could lead to the identification of a client/patient, research participant, or other person or organization with whom they have a confidential relationship unless they have obtained the prior consent of the person." 1st is not, however, necessary to get the client‘s permission when his/her identity will not be revealed.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

11

Dr. Vic Vasquez, a licensed psychologist, provides secretarial services and office space to Dr. Bernice Banquist in exchange for 20% of the fee that Dr. Banquist collects from her therapy clients. When Dr. Vasquez finds that he does not have time to see all of the clients who want to begin therapy with him, he begins referring some of them to Dr. Banquist and charges her 30% of the fee that Dr. Banquist collects from these referred clients. Acording to the ethics codes published by the American and Canadian Psychological Associations, charging more for referred clients is:
a. unethical because it violates the prohibition against “fee splitting."
b. unethical because it creates an unacceptable multiple relationship.
c. ethical only if the higher fee for referred clients reflects the actual costs associated with the referrals.
d. ethical because referral fees are prohibited only when they are "clearly exploitative.”

c. ethical only if the higher fee for referred clients reflects the actual costs associated with the referrals. (Correct Answer) Although referral fees are not entirely prohibited by the APA‘s Ethics Code or the Canadian Code of Ethics, there are some restrictions on their use. See, Standard 6.07 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principle 111.31 of the Canadian Code of Ethics.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

12

Dr. Delbert Dinwoody is currently treating a 35-year-old client who has received a diagnosis of Alcohol Dependence. With the client's permission, Dr. Dinwoody invites the client's wife to participate in couple therapy. Inviting the wife to participate in therapy is:
a. acceptable as long as he believes couple therapy will benefit the client's progress in dealing with his alcohol problem.
b. acceptable as long as the wife is not receiving mental health services from another professional.
c. unacceptable because in this situation, the wife is “vulnerable to undue influence."
d. unacceptable because doing so creates a "conflict of interest.”

a. acceptable as long as he believes couple therapy will benefit the client's progress in dealing with his alcohol problem. (Correct Answer) This answer is most consistent with the provisions of Standard 5.06 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principles 1.27 and 111.31 of the Canadian Code of Ethics. For example, while Standard 5.06 prohibits soliciting business from individuals who are “vulnerable to undue influence," it also states that inviting family members to participate in collateral treatment that will benefit a current client is acceptable.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

13

You regularly waive the co-payment for your low-income clients who are covered by insurance and believe this is acceptable since you normally bill your clients on a sliding fee scale. This is:
a. a common and ethical practice.
b. ethical as long as you don't bill the insurance company for an increased hourly fee in order to collect your full fee.
c. ethical as long as the insurance company does not explicitly prohibit such arrangements.
d. ethical only if the insurance company is aware of the arrangement.

d. ethical only if the insurance company is aware of the arrangement. (Correct Answer) Waiving co-payments without the permission of the insurance company represents insurance fraud.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

14

In a brochure describing his weekend communications workshop for couples, Dr. Terry
Talk includes two testimonials. The first is from a colleague and says, “Communication is a key to a happy marriage and Dr. Talk is one of the leading experts on communication. If you feel you just can't talk to your partner, I'd recommend Dr. Talk’s workshop. It's likely to benefit your relationship." The second testimonial is from a former workshop participant who said Dr. Talk could use an excerpt from a letter she sent him following the workshop that she and her husband attended. It says, “It worked! I can now tell my husband what I need without it turning into a major argument!" Which of the following is true about the testimonials included in Dr. Talk’s brochure?
a. They are clearly unethical.
b. The testimonial from the colleague is unethical but the testimonial from the former client is acceptable.
c. The testimonial from the former client is unethical but the testimonial from the colleague is acceptable.
d. The testimonials do not seem to violate ethical requirements.

d. The testimonials do not seem to violate ethical requirements. (Correct Answer) Both testimonials seem to be in line with the requirements of the ethics codes of the American and Canadian Psychological Association — i.e., they were not solicited from current clients or others who were "vulnerable to undue influence" (Ethics Code Standard 5.05) and do not exploit the relationship that the psychologist has with his colleague or former client (Canadian Code Principle 111.3 1).
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 3 (Human Relations); Stand. 4 (Privacy & Confidentiality); Stand. 5 (Advertising & Other Public Statements); & Stand. 6 (Record Keeping & Fees)

15

When it's necessary to deceive participants in a research study about the study’s true purpose, the participants:
a. do not have to be told the true purpose as long as the use of deception is justified by
the study‘s prospective value.
b. do not have to be told the true purpose unless not to do so is likely to cause them substantial psychological harm.
c. should be debriefed about the true purpose as soon as possible after their participation.
d. must be debriefed about the true purpose immediately after their participation.

c. should be debriefed about the true purpose as soon as possible after their participation. (Correct Answer) This answer is most consistent with the requirements of Standard 8.07 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principle 111.26 of the Canadian Code of Ethics. For example, Standard 8.07(c) states that “psychologists explain any deception that is an integral feature of the design and conduct of an experiment to participants as early as is feasible, preferably at the conclusion of their participation but no later than at the conclusion of the data collection."
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

16

A graduate student designed and conducted a research project for her dissertation and subsequently wrote a journal article describing the study and its results. The original idea for the study was derived from the work of the student’s faculty advisor who also provided the facilities for the student's research. The faculty advisor wants to be listed as first author on the article when it is published. In this situation:
a. the student should be listed as the first author.
b. it is up to the student to determine authorship credit.
c. it is up to the advisor to determine authorship credit.
d. the student should file a complaint against the advisor with the Ethics Committee.

a. the student should be listed as the first author. (Correct Answer) This situation is addressed in Standard 8.12 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principle H1.7 of the Canadian Code of Ethics - e.g., Standard 8.12 states that publication credits “accurately reflect the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their relative status.” In this case, the student has done nearly all of the work and the article is based on her dissertation. Consequently, she should be listed as first author. (Filing a complaint - response d - may be necessary, but only if the advisor insists on being listed as first author.)
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

17

You have been hired as a research assistant for a study that will compare two brief treatments for Social Phobia. The procedures and methods used in the study are ethically sound; however, your supervisor is not informing participants that they may withdraw from the study at any time if they desire to do so. Your best course of action would be to:
a. quit your job.
b. inform the participants yourself of their right to withdraw.
c. discuss the possible ethical violation with the supervisor.
d. do nothing since this is an acceptable practice.

c. discuss the possible ethical violation with the supervisor. (Correct Answer) The supervisor's behavior violates the provisions of Standard 8.02 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principle 1.24 of the Canadian Code of Ethics, and the best initial course of action would be to discuss the matter with him.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

18

Dr. Ryan is a psychotherapist in a small town. She receives a phone call from a man she was sexually involved with several years ago. The relationship lasted only three months and ended amicably. The man is now married and is having problems unrelated to their past relationship. He has called to see if he can begin seeing Dr. Ryan in therapy. Dr. Ryan should:
a. see the man only if she determines that their past relationship will not interfere with her objectivity.
b. see the man only if their relationship ended more than two years ago and she determines that it will not interfere with her objectivity.
c. see the man but discuss the potential for conflicts with him before beginning treatment.
d. refer the man to a colleague.

d. refer the man to a colleague. (Correct Answer) This answer is most consistent with the requirements of Standard 10.07 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principle 111.33 of the Canadian Code of Ethics. For example, Standard 10.07 states that "psychologists do not accept as therapy clients/patients persons with whom they have engaged in sexual intimacies," and there is no time limit on this prohibition.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

19

Dr. Blitz has been seeing a client for four months when the client says that he is very dissatisfied with the progress of therapy. To be consistent with the provisions of the ethics codes published by the American and Canadian Psychological Association, Dr. Blitz should:
a. tell the client that he can't expect to make major changes in his life in only four months.
b. encourage the client to schedule more frequent sessions so they can work more intensely on his problems.
c. help the client work through his resistance.
d. discuss the matter with the client and terminate therapy and provide him with referrals if he desires.

d. discuss the matter with the client and terminate therapy and provide him with referrals if he desires. (Correct Answer) This situation is addressed in Standard 10.10 of the APA‘s Ethics Code and Principles 11.31 and 11.37 of the Canadian Code of Ethics, which require psychologists to terminate a therapeutic relationship when it is reasonably clear that the client is no longer benefiting from it. Even though four months is not a long time for therapy in many situations, the client should not be pressured to continue.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

20

A 40-year-old therapist becomes attracted to a 38-year-old client and soon realizes that the feelings are mutual. They discuss the situation and agree to terminate therapy and begin dating. They eventually get married. This is:
a. ethical since they terminated therapy before beginning to date and since the relationship is a serious one.
b. ethical since the client is an adult and voluntarily agreed to stop therapy.
c. unethical because the therapist began dating a former client before the required two-year time limit.
d. unethical unless the therapist and client both received counseling while dating.

c. unethical because the therapist began dating a former client before the required two-year time limit. (Correct Answer) Standard 10.08 of the APA's Ethics Code prohibits psychologists from becoming sexually involved with former clients within two years of termination of the professional relationship.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

21

Wayne W. tells Dr. Pete Pannick that his partner is threatening to harm Dr. Panniclc because he's not happy with the advice that Wayne is getting in therapy. Dr. Panniclc knows that Wayne's partner has engaged in violent behavior in the past and believes the threat is serious. Dr. Panniclc:
a. should continue to see Wayne in therapy and ask Wayne to bring his partner to the next session to discuss the situation.
b. should continue seeing Wayne in therapy but, with his permission, contact the police to discuss the threat.
c. may terminate therapy with Wayne but only after providing him with pre-termination counseling and appropriate referrals.
d. may terminate therapy with Raymond.

d. may terminate therapy with Raymond. (Correct Answer) When a client or person the client knows is threatening a therapist, a therapist may terminate therapy, and it is not necessary for the therapist to provide the client with pre-termination counseling or referrals before doing so. See Standard 10.10(b) of the APA's Ethics Code and the Values Statement for Principle ll of the Canadian Code of Ethics.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Stand. 7 (Education & Training); Stand. 8 (Res. & Pub.); Stand. 9 (Assessment); & Stand. 10 (Therapy)

22

An experimental psychologist with a Ph.D. wants to become a clinical psychologist. According to the APA’s General Guidelines for Providers of Psychological Services, he must:
a. complete appropriate coursework.
b. complete doctoral-level coursework and training in clinical psychology.
c. obtain supervision from a licensed clinical psychologist.
d. obtain a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from an accredited school.

b. complete doctoral-level coursework and training in clinical psychology. (Correct Answer) Section 1.7 of the General Guidelines states that “psychologists who change or add a specialty "meet the same requirements with respect to subject matter and professional skills that apply to doctoral education, training, and experience in the new specialty."
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

23

You are asked by an attorney to evaluate the woman he is representing in a custody case and then testify on her behalf in court. As an ethical psychologist, you should:
a. evaluate her only if you can conduct a thorough assessment of the woman.
b. evaluate her if you can conduct a thorough assessment and then recommend that she be granted custody only if the results indicate that she‘s a good parent.
c. evaluate her and testify about the results but do not make a specific recommendation about custody without evaluating the husband and children
d. refuse to make a recommendation about which parent should be granted child custody under any circumstances.

c. evaluate her and testify about the results but do not make a specific (Correct Answer) Any conclusions or recommendations about custody must be based on adequate information, which means that all parties should be evaluated before a recommendation is made. You could, however, evaluate the woman only and provide a summary of the results without making a specific recommendation.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

24

Dr. A. Praise is hired to perform a court-ordered evaluation of a defendant in a criminal case. She discusses the purpose of the evaluation with the defendant who then says he does not want to cooperate. According to the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, Dr. Praise should:
a. remind the defendant that he has no choice since the evaluation is court-ordered.
b. refuse to conduct the evaluation unless she obtains a signed consent from the defendant.
c. refuse to conduct the evaluation unless she obtains a signed consent from the defendants attorney.
d. postpone the evaluation and advise the defendant to contact his attorney.

d. postpone the evaluation and advise the defendant to contact his attorney. (Correct Answer) This situation is addressed in Paragraph 6.03.02 of the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology. It states: “if the examinee is ordered by the court to participate, the forensic practitioner can conduct the examination over the objection, and without the consent, of the examinee. If the examinee declines to proceed after being notified of the nature and purpose of the forensic examination, the forensic practitioner may consider a variety of options including postponing the examination, advising the examinee to contact his or her attorney, and notifying the retaining party about the exarninee’s unwillingness to proceed."
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

25

The psychology licensing exam (EPPP) is best described as:
a. a way to protect the public from incompetent psychologists.
b. a measure of knowledge that is foundational to the competent practice of psychology.
c. a predictor of the job performance of professional psychologists.
d. a way of determining if psychologists need additional training or supervision before being licensed.

b. a measure of knowledge that is foundational to the competent practice of psychology. (Correct Answer) The EPPP was designed to evaluate “the knowledge that the most recent practice analysis has determined as foundational to the competent practice of psychology/" (ASPPB, 2012, p. 4).
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

26

Which of the following is acceptable according to the Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association?
a. non-White research participants
b. the elderly
c. clients with a physical disability
d. people afflicted with a chronic disease

c. clients with a physical disability (Correct Answer) The Publication Manual recommends putting “people first“(e.g., “clients with a disability" rather than “disabled clients"). Other recommendations include being specific when referring to race and avoiding using Whites as a comparison group; using emotionally neutral terms (e.g., “people with a disease" rather than "people afflicted by a disease"); and being sensitive to labels (e.g., using the term “older adults" rather than "the elderly").
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

27

Research on the sexual misconduct of therapists has found that:
a. therapists who have sex with their clients often had sexual relations in the past with their own therapist, a professor, or a supervisor.
b. therapists who have sex with their clients are more likely than those who do not to have a history of non-sexual dual relationships with clients.
c. therapists who have sex with their clients tend to be less experienced and younger than those who do not.
d. there are no consistent differences between therapists who do and do not have sex with their clients in terms of other dual relationships or sexual relationships with their own therapist, professor, or supervisor.

b. therapists who have sex with their clients are more likely than those who do not to have a history of non-sexual dual relationships with clients. (Correct Answer) This response is most consistent with the survey results reported by Lamb and
Catanzaro (1998).
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

28

The term “insanity” is a:
a. legal, non-psychiatric term for certain types of mental disorders.
b. legal, non-psychiatric term for a psychotic disorder with an unknown etiology.
c. popular (lay) term for a severe mental illness.
d. psychiatric term that refers to an organic mental disorder.

a. legal, non-psychiatric term for certain types of mental disorders. (Correct Answer) Insanity is a legal (not a psychiatric) term that has different definitions in different jurisdictions. ln some jurisdictions, a defendant can plead not guilty by reason of insanity, which means that, at the time of the crime, he/she lacked the ability to know right from wrong or to behave in ways consistent with the law due to a mental disease or defect.
Ethics & Professional Study Guide Review Questions Other APA Issues

29

During a discussion with a‭ ‬4th grade teacher,‭ ‬the teacher tells a school psychologist that one of her students is constantly disrupting the class.‭ ‬After evaluating the child and obtaining more information about the situation,‭ ‬the psychologist concludes that the teacher's approach with the child is part of the problem.‭ ‬Consequently,‭ ‬the psychologist should:‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
a. make an appointment with the principal to discuss the teacher’s approach.
b. explain to the teacher how her approach may be exacerbating the problem.
c. recommend that he‭ (‬the therapist‭) ‬start counseling the child on a regular basis. ‬‬‬‬‬‬
d. recommend that the child be transferred to another classroom

b. explain to the teacher how her approach may be exacerbating the problem. CORRECT General Principle B of the APA’s Ethics Code states that "psychologists consult with, refer to, or cooperate with other professionals and institutions to the extent needed to serve the best interests of those with whom they work." School psychologists must often act as a coordinator to bring together a variety of people and resources to resolve problems. Of the answers given, this one is most in line with the child's best interests and the school psychologist's responsibility to work with all people involved in the case. Although this situation is not explicitly addressed by ethical guidelines, the APA’s Ethics Code and the Canadian Code of Ethics require psychologists to cooperate with other professionals.
(Ethics & Professional Issues Online Quiz Q - 5148)

30

In most situations,‭ ‬the‭ “‬holder of the privilege‭” ‬is:‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
a. the therapist.
b. the client.
c. the therapist and client jointly.
d. the court.

b. the client.
CORRECT Privilege is a legal requirement that prohibits (with some exceptions) confidential client information from being disclosed in legal proceedings. The client is the holder of the privilege – i.e., in most circumstances, only the client can determine when confidential information may be disclosed. Privilege is a legal term that refers to “privileged communication.”
Ethics & Professional Issues Online Quiz