Enlightenment and Revolution - Chapter 22 Flashcards Preview

World History > Enlightenment and Revolution - Chapter 22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Enlightenment and Revolution - Chapter 22 Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

French writer concerned with government and political liberty

Montesquieu

2

Grand, ornate style

baroque

3

Logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas

scientific method

4

Author of the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

5

New way of thinking about the natural world based on careful observation and a willingness to question

Scientific Revolution

6

Author who wrote about women's rights

Mary Wollstonecraft

7

View which held that the earth was the center of the universe

geocentric theory

8

Social gathering for discussing ideas or enjoying art

Salon

9

Writer who fought for tolerance, reason, freedom, of religious belief, and freedom of speech

Voltaire

10

First ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution; protections of basic rights for individuals

Bill of rights

11

Social critics of France

Philosophes

12

Ruler who supported enlightenment ideas but did not give a power

Enlightened despot

13

Philosopher who wrote about government

John Locke

14

According to Thomas Hobbes, an Agreement people make with Goverment

Social Contract

15

System in which each branch of government checks, or limits, the power of the other two branches

checks and balances

16

Document declaring American independence from Britain

Declaration of Independence

17

Theory that the sun is at the center of the universe

heliocentric theory

18

Simple style that borrowed ideas from classical Greece and Rome

neoclassical

19

Age of Reason

Enlightenment

20

System of government in which power is divided between the national and state governments

Federal system

21

Scientist who was forced by the Catholic Church to take back scientific ideas that disagreed with the church’s view

Galileo Galilei

22

Scientist who discovered laws of motion and gravity

Isaac Newton

23

Enlightenment thinker who championed freedom

Rousseau

24

Russian ruler who took steps to reform and modernize Russia

Catherine the Great