Flashcards in Enemy Attack and Terrorist Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Weapons Deck (37)
Chemical agents are chemical substances intended for military use to kill, seriously injure or incapacitate. How are they categorized?
according to the physiological effects.
List the 6 categories of chemical agents
1) Lung-damaging agents (choking); 2) blister agents; 3) blood agents; 4) incapacitating agents; 5) nerve agents; and 6) toxic industrial chemicals.
Biological agents are microorganisms, toxins derived from them, that cause disease exclusively in personnel. T/F
False (also cause disease in plants or animals)
Biological agents include viruses, bacteria, fungi and toxins cultured from living organisms. In what forms can they be found?
liquid droplets, aerosols, or dry powders
What kind of radiation, such as light, radio frequency emissions and microwaves, generally produces heat when it interacts with the human body?
Ionizing radiation produces ion when it interacts with ___, altering and destroying the cell processes and structures necessary for normal cell function in the human body.
A radiological __ device can spread radioactive material without a nuclear detonation.
Dirty bombs function by using conventional explosives to scatter radioactive source debris over a large area. T/F
False (scatter over a relatively small area)
Nuclear weapons can be detonated at various altitudes, including subsurface, surface, airburst or high altitude. T/F
Each type of nuclear burst has a different level of __ ratio in regard to ionizing radiation, thermal radiation, blast/shock and ballistic debris.
Toxic industrial material hazards consist of toxic industrial chemicals, biological and radiological material. What type of hazard do most of them present?
a vapor hazard
Are a protective mask, ensemble and military standard collective protection filter designed to protect you from toxic industrial materials?
What directs the proper individual protective postures in a Chemical, Biological, Radioligcal, and Nuclear (CBRN) environment?
Command and theater-specific instructions
What is the best immediate protective equipment against chemical agents - regardless of the type of agent, concentration or method of attack?
the ground crew ensemble
What is the ground crew ensemble?
A whole-body system that defends the wearer against chemical-biological warfare agents, toxins and radiogical particulate.
What components comprise individual protection, such as the ground crew ensemble?
a protective mask with filters,
protective gloves and footwear,
M8 and M9 detector paper
reactive skin, decontamination lotion,
m296 decontamination kits
Who issues nerve agent antidotes, pre-treatment and pyridostigmine bromide tablets during increased readiness?
During or after a CBRN event, personnel may have to shelter-in place if the type or extent of the hazard is __ or evacuation would be dangerous.
During a CBRN event, collective protection systems allow occupants to work or rest in the facility without wearing protective gear. T/F
What are some of the CBRN preparedness actions that Airmen should know well before a CBRN attack?
1. actions associated with alarm conditions
3. split MOPP
4. contamination control
Why does the AF use a standardized alarm system and MOPP levels?
to communicate the appropriate defense posture for in-place forces to transition to wartime CBRN operations.
What tactic allows the commander to divide an installation or operating location into two or more CBRN zones?
During split MOPP, what controls movement between one zone and another?
unit control centers
A voice announcement indicates Alarm Green. What does it mean and what actions should be taken?
Attack is not probable.
normal wartime conditions
A voice announcement indicates Alarm Yellow. What does it mean and what actions should be taken?
Attack is probable in fewer than 30 minutes.
protect and cover assets
seek protective shelther
A waverng siren indicates Alarm Red. What does it mean and what actions should be taken?
Air attack is imminent or in progress.
seek immediate protection
report observed attacks
The bugle call "To Arms" indicates Alarm Red. What does it mean and what actions should be taken?
Attack by ground forces is imminent or in progress.
defending self and position
A steady siren indicates Alarm Black. What does it mean and what actions should be taken?
Attack is over.
CBRN contamination and/pr unexploded ordnance are suspected or present.
self aid or buddy care
remain under overhead cover
Alarm signals and MOPP level changes come to the command pot from the Crisis Action Team. What are they based on?
The Emergency Operations Center's recommendations