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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (254)
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151

What is Sheehan Syndrome?

ischemic infarction of pituitary after pregnancy

152

How does Sheehan Syndrome often present?

failure to lactate

153

In what population is Empty Sella Syndrome most common?

obese women

154

Is Hyperosmolar Coma Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?

Type two

155

What is the most common cause of death in Diabetes?

Myocardial Infarction

156

What molecule damages cells during Type 2 DM?

Sorbitol

157

What are three main tissues that express Aldose Reductase?

lens

Retina

Schwann Cell

158

What is the enzyme that when present can damage tissues during Type 2 DM?

Aldose Reductase

159

What is the enzyme that when absent can damage tissues during Type 2 DM?

Sorbitol Dehydrogenase

160

Which form of Diabetes has a stronger genetic predisposition?

Type 2

161

What is the most common ketone during DKA?

β-hydroxybutyrate

162

Would DKA present with hyperkalemia or hypokalemia?

Hyperkalemia

163

What fungal infection can devastate T1DM patients?

Rhizopus

164

What is Whipples Triad regarding an Insulinoma?

Lethargy

Syncope

Diplopia

165

What type of cells give rise to Carcinoid Tumors?

Neuroendocrine

166

What vitamin can be depleted by a carcinoid tumor?

Niacin

167

Which MEN would Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome present with?

MEN1

168

Which three tumors are present during MEN1?

pituitary

parathyroid

pancreas

169

What is the mode of inheritance for all MEN Sydromes?

Autosomal Dominant

170

What is another name for MEN1?

Wermer Syndrome

171

What is another name for MEN2A?

Sipple Syndrome

172

What three tumors are present during MEN2A?

Medullary Thyroid

parathyroid

pheochromocytoma

173

RET gene is associated with what MEN Syndromes?

MEN2A and MEN2B

174

What three tumors are present during MEN2B?

oral/intestinal ganglioneuromas

Medullary thyroid

pheochromocytoma

175

What MEN Syndrome is associated with Marfinoid Habitus?

MEN2B

176

What are the three rapid acting insulins?

Lispro

Aspart

Glulisine

177

What are the two long-acting insulins?

Glargine

Detemir

178

What is the toxicity of Metformin?

lactic acidosis

179

What type of patients cannot receive metformin?

renal failure

180

What are the two first generation sulfonylureas?

Tolbutamide

Chlorpropamide