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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (254)
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121

What disease can mimmick Anaplastic Carcinoma?

Riedel Thyroiditis

122

Is Riedel Thyroiditis painful or painless?

painless

123

Is Riedel Thyroiditis tender or nontender?

nontender

124

Which disease, Riedel or de Quervain, may present as hyperthyroidism early in the disease course?

de Quervain

125

What is the Jod-Basedow Phenomenon?

thyrotoxicosis if a person with an iodine deficiency goiter is made iodine sufficient

126

Would hyperthyroidism have increase or decreased bone turnover?

increased

127

What three drugs are used to treat thyroid storm?

Propylthiouracil

Propranalol

Prednisolone

128

Which two genes can lead to papillary cacinoma of the thyroid?

RET and BRAF

129

Biggest risk factor for Papillary Thyroid Cancer?

childhood irradiation

130

Difference between Follicular Carcinoma and Follicular Adenoma?

carcinoma invades capsule

131

Which thyroid cancer secretes calcitonin?

Medullary

132

What is the buzzword phase for Medullary Carcinoma of Thyroid?

malignant cells in amyloid stroma

133

Marker of excess PTH in urine?

cAMP

134

Will levels of ALP be increased or decreased during Primary Hyperparathyroidism?

increased

135

What causes Osteitis Fibrosis Cystica?

Hyperparathyroidism

136

Three buzz words for excess calcium?

stones

groans

psychiatric overtones

137

Will levels of ALP be increased or decreased during Secondary Hyperparathyroidism?

increased

138

What would happen to vitamin D levels during Secondary Hyperparathyroidism?

decreased vitamin D

139

What is Tertiary Hyperthyroidism?

autonomous PTH secretion

140

What is the mode of inheritance for Pseudohypoparathyroidism?

autosomal dominant

141

What would be observed on physical examination during Pseudohypoparathyroidism?

shortened 4th and 5th digits

142

What is the most common hormone secreted from a Pituitary Adenoma? Benign or malignant?

Prolactinoma

Benign

143

What two drugs are used to treat a prolactinoma?

Bromocriptine

Cabergoline

144

Two most common physical features during Acromegaly?

large tongue and deep voice

145

What is the most common cause of death during acromegaly?

Cardiac

146

What are the two mechanisms to Dx acromegaly?

increased IGF1

high GH after oral glucose

147

What is the growth hormone receptor antagonist?

Pegvisomant

148

What are two drugs that can cause Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus?

Lithium

Demecocycline

149

What three drugs are used to treat nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?

HCTZ/Amiloride/Indomethacin

150

Which anti-neoplastic can cause SIADH?

cyclophosphamide