Emile Durkheim Flashcards Preview

Introducing Sociological Theory > Emile Durkheim > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emile Durkheim Deck (60)
Loading flashcards...
1

In general, what was Emile Durkheim to do with?

3 things:
Division of Labour
Suicides
Elementary Forms of Religious Life

2

What is Durkheim's Overview?

fuck my drag, right?

3

What was Emile Durkheim's lifespan?

1858 - 1917

4

What was Durkheim's life like?

x

5

What was Durkheim's character like?

x

6

What is meant by 'The Radical Durkheim'?

x

7

In what ways was Durkheim Conservative?

x

8

In what ways is Durkheim sexist?

x

9

What was Durkheim's involvement in The Dreyfus Affair?

x

10

Why do we study Durkheim?

x

11

What is meant by Durkheim and 'moral individualism?

x

12

When was 'The Division of Labour in Society' made, and what is it?

1893

It was Durkheim's doctoral dissertation.

13

What does 'The Division of Labour in Society' look at?

It Traces how forms of morality and social solidarity are articulated through societal organisation and division of labour practices.

It looks at the social aspect of division of labour, rather than the economical aspect, which Adam Smith looks more into. The sociological view is linked to the economical view, but goes further into it.

14

How does 'The Division of Labour in Society' position against moral philosophers?

Positioned against moral philosophies that presumed ethical principles to be ‘a priori’ in nature – deduced from reason, pre-existing or independent of our experience

For Durkheim, ethics and moral principles can only be understood through empirical observation

15

How does 'The Division of Labour in Society' position against theorists Spencer, and Comte?

The Division of Labour in Society' p'ositioned against thinkers in the sociological tradition

Spencer: Solidarity in modern industrial societies bound up in theories of self-interest and social contract

Comte: Solidarity amongst social actors due to strong and shared moral values

16

What is a Mechanical Society, and an Organic Society?

Mechanical:

Organic:

17

What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Labour?

oifd

18

What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of its Place?

hfios

19

What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Law?

ddifsjo

20

What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Affiliation?

ndipfpasd

21

What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Culture?

jipfjdposf

22

What is meant by 'abnormal forms of division of labour'?

d

23

What are the three abnormal forms of division of labour?

ds

24

What is meant by 'Abnormal division of labour'?

ddd

25

What is meant by 'Forced division of labour'?

dksofkdspo

26

What is meant by 'Poorly Co-ordinated division of labour'?

sdmksfmkdmsk

27

What is meant by Anomie?

o Lack of regulation binding individuals to a sense of common cause

o Feelings of moral restraint and, moreover, a sense of wider belonging weakened

o A pathological reading of contemporary society

28

What are the criticisms of 'The Division of Labour in Society'?

We must be skeptical of Durkheim’s metaphors that equate social systems

1: with biological systems - e.g., characterising societies as ‘healthy’ or ‘pathological’ (Ray 1999)

2: with chemical processes - e.g., ideas of population densities (Pearce 2001)

29

What is 'The Division of Labour in Society' an early version of?

The Divisions of Labour ‘contain an early version of the characteristic Durkheimian treatment of the relations between history, moral authority and human freedom. Freedom consists, not in escape from social forces and social bonds, but in the autonomy of action that membership of society makes possible’ (Giddens 1978: 29)

30

When was 'Rules of Sociological Method' made?

1895