Flashcards in Emile Durkheim Deck (60)
In general, what was Emile Durkheim to do with?
Division of Labour
Elementary Forms of Religious Life
What is Durkheim's Overview?
fuck my drag, right?
What was Emile Durkheim's lifespan?
1858 - 1917
What was Durkheim's life like?
What was Durkheim's character like?
What is meant by 'The Radical Durkheim'?
In what ways was Durkheim Conservative?
In what ways is Durkheim sexist?
What was Durkheim's involvement in The Dreyfus Affair?
Why do we study Durkheim?
What is meant by Durkheim and 'moral individualism?
When was 'The Division of Labour in Society' made, and what is it?
It was Durkheim's doctoral dissertation.
What does 'The Division of Labour in Society' look at?
It Traces how forms of morality and social solidarity are articulated through societal organisation and division of labour practices.
It looks at the social aspect of division of labour, rather than the economical aspect, which Adam Smith looks more into. The sociological view is linked to the economical view, but goes further into it.
How does 'The Division of Labour in Society' position against moral philosophers?
Positioned against moral philosophies that presumed ethical principles to be ‘a priori’ in nature – deduced from reason, pre-existing or independent of our experience
For Durkheim, ethics and moral principles can only be understood through empirical observation
How does 'The Division of Labour in Society' position against theorists Spencer, and Comte?
The Division of Labour in Society' p'ositioned against thinkers in the sociological tradition
Spencer: Solidarity in modern industrial societies bound up in theories of self-interest and social contract
Comte: Solidarity amongst social actors due to strong and shared moral values
What is a Mechanical Society, and an Organic Society?
What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Labour?
What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of its Place?
What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Law?
What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Affiliation?
What is a Mechanical and Organic Society, in terms of Culture?
What is meant by 'abnormal forms of division of labour'?
What are the three abnormal forms of division of labour?
What is meant by 'Abnormal division of labour'?
What is meant by 'Forced division of labour'?
What is meant by 'Poorly Co-ordinated division of labour'?
What is meant by Anomie?
o Lack of regulation binding individuals to a sense of common cause
o Feelings of moral restraint and, moreover, a sense of wider belonging weakened
o A pathological reading of contemporary society
What are the criticisms of 'The Division of Labour in Society'?
We must be skeptical of Durkheim’s metaphors that equate social systems
1: with biological systems - e.g., characterising societies as ‘healthy’ or ‘pathological’ (Ray 1999)
2: with chemical processes - e.g., ideas of population densities (Pearce 2001)
What is 'The Division of Labour in Society' an early version of?
The Divisions of Labour ‘contain an early version of the characteristic Durkheimian treatment of the relations between history, moral authority and human freedom. Freedom consists, not in escape from social forces and social bonds, but in the autonomy of action that membership of society makes possible’ (Giddens 1978: 29)