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Flashcards in EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Deck (93)
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Lt. Walker and the crew of Ladder 65 are critiquing the accident that they just operated at on the Staten Island Expressway. There were several vehicles with numerous patients involved. Two of the patients required extrication utilizing the Hurst Tool. Of the actions taken by this ladder company, which would be the only incorrect?

A) Lt. Walker had the LCC transmit a 10-75 for the emergency.

B) The members of this company know never to right a vehicle with a victim inside.

C) A vehicle on its side was secured to the rig with a utility rope.

D) The Nader Pin wasn't cut as to prevent damaging the tool.

D) The Nader Pin wasn't cut as to prevent damaging the tool. (INCORRECT)

(EP DISENTANGLEMENT 5.2)

* Cutting the Nader Pin/Staple is an ACCEPTABLE PRACTICE.

A: 10-75 for an emergency should be considered when there are
several vehicles with numerous patients.

B: NEVER right a vehicle with victims inside.

C: Acceptable to secure a vehicle on its side to the rig with a utility rope

1

Of the following points listed below regarding water rescue operations including ice and cold water rescue, which point below would a sharp student pick to be incorrect?

A) Each length of 2 1/2 inflatable water rescue hose filled with air can keep afloat approximately 5 people.

B) Inflatable water rescue hose can be deployed in either a straight line or loop.

C) During a cold water rescue, one hand placed on top of the rescuers head indicates the rescuer is ready to be pulled to shore.

D) Tests have shown that members wearing bunker gear with or without an SCBA became totally submerged in under one minute.

A) Each length of 2 1/2 inflatable water rescue hose filled with air can keep afloat approximately 5 people. (INCORRECT)

(EP Water Rescue 1 ADD 1, 4.2)

* Approximately TEN (10) PEOPLE

2

You respond as the commanding officer of a company for a water rescue. Your members have retrieved the victim and are requesting a stretcher. They put the victim in the stretcher and secure him in the following way. What did they do wrong?

A) They positioned the victim in the stretcher so his head was in the end with flotation collar.

B) The top strap was attached under the victims armpits and across the chest.

C) The middle strap went only across the waist of the victim.

D) Bottom strap attached over both legs of victim only.

D) Bottom strap attached over both legs of victim only. (INCORRECT)

(EP- Ice and Cold Water Rescue 2, 7.1.1)

* Over one leg and under the other.

3

Steam emergencies can be dangerous. A knowledgable firefighter would be most correct if he stated that escaping high pressure steam can hurl debris at _____ mph.

A) 100

B) 25

C) 300

D) 200

D) 200

(EP - Steam System Emergencies 4.2 A)

4

Con Edison may place vent stacks over minor steam leaks in the street to direct the steam up over the roadway. When the steam is the result of a water leak, Con Ed places a colored strip on the vent stack to differentiate this water leak from a possible leaking steam main. What color is this stripe?

A) Yellow

B) Red

C) Blue

D) Green

C) Blue

(EP - Steam System Emergencies 4.3)

* If vent pipe has a blue stripe on the top of it, this indicates that the
steam leak is a result of a water leak, not a leaking steam main.

5

You are drilling with the members in quarters on the inflatable water rescue hose. How many people will 1 length of 2 1/2" hose approximately hold?

A) 6

B) 8

C) 10

D) 12

C) 10

(EP - Water Rescue 1, ADD 1, 4.2)

6

You're responding as the commanding officer of L-175 to a pin job. You and the inside team proceed to the accident and initiate a perimeter survey, chock the vehicle and gain access to the victim. You ensure the car is in park, windows are open, seats are moved back and seat belts are removed before shutting down the ignition. E-332 arrives and takes over stabilizing the patient. Now you and your inside team can assist with the extrication. Where did you go wrong?

A) Slide seat back and remove seat belts before shutting down ignition.

B) Never position any part of your body between the tool and the vehicle.

C) Disentanglement is the physical removal of the victim from the vehicle.

D) Ladder 175 passes off patient stabilization to E-332.

C) Disentanglement is the physical removal of the victim from the vehicle. (INCORRECT)

(EP - DISENTANGLEMENT 3.3)

* EXTRICATION = physical removal of victim from vehicle

* DISENTANGLEMENT = removal of wreckage from around the victim

7

What color are the fittings for use with the inflatable water rescue hose?

A) White

B) Yellow

C) International orange

D) Same color as normal fittings

B) Yellow

(EP - Water Rescue 1, ADD 1, 2.1)


* The following equipment shall be used to deploy inflatable hose for
ice/water rescues:

1) Yellow water rescue fittings
A) One 2 1/2" female cap with shackle and snap bolt
B) One 2 1/2" male fitting with shackle and check valve.

2) Lengths of 2 1/2" hose

3) Spanner wrenches

4) Air supply from SCBA, FAST-PAK or apparatus air outlet.

8

You are the first due unit responding to a report of a steam pipe rupture in the street. Upon arrival you confirm a high energy line break (HELB) and transmit a 10-75. You would then be correct to take all of the following actions except?

A) Approach steam pipe rupture from downwind and stay clear of vapor plume.

B) Limit the number of FFs exposed to probable asbestos contamination.

C) Prevent occupants from exiting buildings into exclusion zone.

D) Monitor with radiation detection devices.

A) Approach steam pipe rupture from downwind and stay clear of vapor plume. (INCORRECT)

(EP - Steam System Emergencies 4.3)

* Approach from UPWIND.

* Choice D = ruptured steam main could be the result of a terrorist
attack. Monitor for the presence of radiological
contaminants. Responding units shall monitor radiation
detection devices upon receipt of an alarm for a ruptured
steam main.

9

You are at MUD with the Hurst Tool when a Lt. makes four statements regarding vehicle extrication operations. What is the only correct statement the Lt. made?

A) Disentanglement is the physical removal of the victim from the vehicle.

B) Extrication is the removal of wreckage from around the vehicle.

C) Do not position a part of your body between the Hurst Tool and vehicle unless absolutely necessary.

D) Transmitting a 10-75 for an emergency should be considered when there are several vehicles with numerous patients.

D) Transmitting a 10-75 for an emergency should be considered when there are several vehicles with numerous patients.

(EP - Disentanglement 3.2.2)

A - EXTRICATION = physical removal of victim from the vehicle

B - DISENTANGLEMENT = removal of wreckage from around vehicle.

C - NEVER position any part of your body between the Hurst Tool and
vehicle.

10

While drilling members on water rescue operations, the senior Lt. made one incorrect statement. Which of the following point below was the Lt. incorrect?

A) The loss of body heat occurs 25 times faster in cold water than in air.

B) Cold water cools the body's skin and outer tissues very quickly. In approximately 7-15 minutes, core body temperature begins to drop significantly, affecting the utilization of the arms and legs.

C) When the body's core temperature begins to drop below 98.6 F the victim transgresses from being non ambulatory to unconscious.

D) Sudden face contact with cold water (Below 70 degrees Fahrenheit) initiates the mammalian diving reflex.

C) When the body's core temperature begins to drop below 98.6 F the victim transgresses from being non ambulatory to unconscious. (INCORRECT)

(EP - Water Rescue 1, 5.2)

* Below 90 DEGREES F = victim transgresses to unconsciousness

* Below 98.6 F = Hypothermia begins

11

You are the officer in L-33. You respond to a phone alarm on the Grand Concourse. You discover that you have a pin job and all the air bags in the car have deployed. You know that you and your members must still treat these airbags as if they did had not deployed, and you will follow the rule of 5-10-20. You are operating in front of the driver airbag. How much distance should you maintain?

A) 5"

B) 10"

C) 20"

D) 0" because your members disconnected the battery and the airbags are no longer dangerous.

B) 10"

(EP - Disentanglement 2.6)

12

What is not an acceptable air supply for the inflatable water rescue hose?

A) Irons FF SCBA

B) FAST Truck FAST-PAK

C) 2nd due Engine 0-2 bottle

D) Apparatus Air outlet

C) 2nd due Engine 0-2 bottle (INCORRECT)

(EP - Water Rescue 1 ADD 1 & 2)

* Acceptable air supply for inflatable water rescue hose:
A) SCBA
B) FAST-PAK
C) Apparatus Air Outlet

13

Regarding the properties of natural gas, it would be incorrect to state that?

A) Mercaptan is added to natural gas, giving it a distinctive rotten egg odor.

B) Mercaptan can be removed from natural gas as it passes through soil, is masked by other odors, or stripped by other chemicals. This is known as "odor desensitization"

C) The specific gravity of natural gas is 0.6 making it lighter than air.

D) The explosive range of natural gas is 5% to 15%

B) Mercaptan can be removed from natural gas as it passes through soil, is masked by other odors, or stripped by other chemicals. This is known as "odor desensitization" (INCORRECT)

(EP - Natural Gas, page 2)

* This is known as "ODOR FADE"

14

An officer conducting drill on gas delivery systems in NYC was incorrect when he stated that?

A) Only steel or copper gas pipes are allowed inside structures.

B) A "Peck Vent" is found on high pressure services. If the regulator fails to reduce the incoming gas pressure, this safety valve vents excess gas to the exterior of the building.

C) Shutting a "Single Master Meter" will shut gas down to an entire building.

D) Gas piping or gas meters found in a public hallway of older apartment buildings requires a high priority referral.

A) Only steel or copper gas pipes are allowed inside structures.

(EP - Natural Gas, pages 3-5)

* ONLY STEEL gas pipes are allowed inside structures.

15

A member closing a typical gas meter may use the fork end of the halligan, vice grips or pliers to shut off the gas by turning the wing cock valve 1/4 turn?

A) Clockwise so that the key operating nut is parallel to the piping

B) Counter-clockwise so that the key operating nut is parallel to piping

C) Clockwise so that the key operating nut is perpendicular to piping

D) Counter-clockwise so that the key operating nut is perpendicular to the piping.

D) Counter-clockwise so that the key operating nut is perpendicular to the piping.

(EP - Natural Gas, 3.4)

* Wing cock valve 1/4 turn COUNTER-CLOCKWISE

* This is the ONLY valve you turn counter-clockwise in regards to
Natural Gas Emergencies.

* Curb valves are 1/4 turn CLOCKWISE

16

A ladder company arrives at the scene of a gas leak from a stove in apartment D1 of a 4 story "H" Type building that has meters in the cellar. Due to damage at the stove shutoff, they are unable to shut the gas valve at the appliance. In this situation, they would be correct to think that they should shit in priority order, which valves next?

A) Meter valve, Head of Service valve, Curb valve

B) Meter valve, Curb valve, Head of Service valve

C) Head of Service valve, Meter valve, Curb valve

D) Exterior gas riser valve, Meter valve, Head of Service valve.

A) Meter valve, Head of Service valve, Curb valve

(EP - Natural Gas, 3.5)

17

A ladder company arrives at the scene of a gas leak from a stove in apartment F2 of a 6 story "H" Type building that has a master meter and several interior riser valves in the cellar. In this situation, they would be correct to think that if they are unable to shut the gas valve at the appliance, they should shut in priority order, what valves next?

A) Master Meter valve, Head of Service valve, Interior Riser valve

B) Master Meter valve, Interior Riser valve, Head of Service valve

C) Head of Service valve, Master Meter, Interior Riser valve

D) Interior Riser Valve, Master Meter valve, Head of Service valve

D) Interior Riser Valve, Master Meter valve, Head of Service valve

(EP - Natural Gas, 3.5)

* If INTERIOR RISER VALVE is present, shut it off before shutting down
Meter valve.

* Priority Order of valve shutdown:
1) Appliance valve
2) Meter valve (interior riser valve is present,shut that off before meter)
3) Head of Service valve
4) Exterior Gas Riser valve
5) Curb valve
6) Street valve (FDNY does not operate)

18

An officer conducting drill on the Head of Service valve (building service valve), was incorrect to state that?

A) Most Head of Service valves are 1/4 turn valves.

B) When gas meter(s) are located inside a building, the Head of Service valve will be found just inside the building where the gas service enters the building.

C) When gas meter(s) are located outside of the building, the Head of Service valve will be found outside the building before the meters.

D) Some older, Con Ed, high pressure gas services have a main shutoff valve that requires 3-4 counter-clockwise turns of the operating nut to shut off the gas flow.

D) Some older, Con Ed, high pressure gas services have a main shutoff valve that requires 3-4 counter-clockwise turns of the operating nut to shut off the gas flow.

(EP - Natural Gas, page 8 section 3)

* These valves require FOUR AND A HALF (4 1/2) to FIVE (5) clockwise
turns.

19

A ladder officer operating at a 3rd alarm is ordered by the IC to shut the curb valve to the fire building. In this situation, he would be correct to think that?

A) The curb valve is usually found on the street side of the curb and will shut gas to the entire building.

B) After removing or breaking the cover, use the gas key found on FDNY apparatus to turn the curb valve key 1/4 turn counterclockwise.

C) If the valve operating nut it white, close it gently.

D) Older curb valves that are gated require multiple turns to close. If a 1/4 turn does not shut off the gas, turn the valve until resistance is met, but no more than 5 full turns.

C) If the valve operating nut it white, close it gently

(EP - Natural Gas pg 9, section 5)

A - Curb valve is on SIDEWALK SIDE of curb

B - Curb valve is 1/4 turn CLOCKWISE

C - Correct (White nut is plastic and can break with excessive force)

D - Older valves require multiple turns (No more than FIFTEEN 15)

20

Regarding the closing of street valves, it would be correct to state that street valves shall?

A) Not be operated by FDNY members

B) Only be operated by FDNY members in an extreme emergency, after permission is granted by the FDNY IC.

A) Not be operated by FDNY members

(EP - Natural Gas pg 11)

21

First alarm units arrive at the scene of an excavation site where an underground plastic gas pipe is found leaking. In this situation, it would be most correct to?

A) Attempt to fold the leaking gas plastic pipe, whether it is low or high pressure.

B) Attempt to fold the leaking gas plastic pipe, only if it is a low pressure leak.

C) Approach the gas pipe closely for sizeup but do not touch it.

D) Not approach or touch leaking plastic pipe.

D) Not approach or touch leaking plastic pipe.

(EP - Natural Gas 4.1.8)

* Plastic piping may cause static electricity when you approach it.
DO NOT approach or touch a plastic pipe.

22

Which of the following tools are rated as intrinsically safe?

A) Non FDNY issued flashlights

B) FDNY issued flashlights

C) FDNY Thermal Imaging Cameras

D) FDNY Ventilation Fans

B) FDNY issued flashlights

(EP - Natural Gas pg 13)

23

An Engine, Ladder and Battalion Chief arrive at the scene of an outdoor gas leak where they find a significant gas odor near an electric manhole cover and a nearby sewer cover in the street. Con Ed has not arrived and reports a 30 min ETA. Regarding the removal of manhole covers at this time, it would be correct to state that members, when approved by an on scene Chief officer, may remove which type of covers?

A) Sewer covers only

B) Sewer covers, but only after they are tested by members for stray voltage.

C) Sewer or electric covers

D) Sewer or electric covers, but only after they are tested by members for stray voltage.

A) Sewer covers only

(EP - Natural Gas pg 13)

* We CANNOT touch electric covers without Con Ed on scene, testing
for stray voltage.

24

First alarm units arrive on the scene of a major outdoor gas leak where an on scene Con Ed Gas Rep is requesting several manhole covers be removed by FDNY units. When removing these electric manhole covers, which guideline(s) below would be correct for members to follow?

A) Wait for a Con Ed Electric Rep to arrive and test the electric cover for stray voltage.

B) An order to pull the electric cover must be given by an on scene BC

C) Only pull round or square electric covers

D) Do not pull electric covers if there is a manhole fire in the area.

E) Do not pull electric covers if any smoking or arcing is observed.

B) An order to pull the electric cover must be given by an on scene BC.
D) Do not pull electric covers if there is a manhole fire in the area.
E) Do not pull electric covers if any smoking or arcing is observed

(EP Natural Gas - pg 14)

25

Which of the following points concerning gas emergencies is incorrect?

A) Once the FDNY turns a gas valve off, do not turn it back on unless conditions require.

B) If a natural gas valve is shut down or operated, the responsible utility company must be notified of the type and location of the valve.

C) Units closing a gas valve are not required to await the utility arrival unless conditions indicate and/or the IC requests an immediate response.

D) The gas utility should be notified of any water main break.

A) Once the FDNY turns a gas valve off, do not turn it back on unless conditions require. (INCORRECT)

(EP - Natural Gas pg 15)

* Once valve is shut off, NEVER turn it back on.

26

The location of the ______ valve for _______ pressure systems may be indicated on the Peck/Relief Vent located on the exterior of the building.

A) curb, low

B) curb, high

C) street, low

D) street, high

B) curb, high

(EP - Natural Gas pg 21)

27

Regarding the use of gas meters, it would be incorrect to state that?

A) The FDNY indoor action level is 10% LEL and outdoor action level is 20% LEL.

B) FDNY meters display % LEL, while utility company meters display the percent of gas in the air.

C) At indoor gas emergencies, the FDNY will always begin evacuation at 10% LEL, the indoor action level.

D) A 100% LEL reading on a FDNY meter indicates there is 5% gas in the air.

C) At indoor gas emergencies, the FDNY will always begin evacuation at 10% LEL, the indoor action level. (INCORRECT)

(EP - Natural Gas pg 20)

* IF UNABLE TO REDUCE THE LEL = Begin evacuation

28

First alarm units arriving at the scene of an outdoor gas leak would be correct to think that?

A) An opaque white cloud seen rising from the ground indicates a high pressure gas leak.

B) A load roaring sound indicates a high pressure gas leak.

C) Fog streams may be used to dissipate escaping gas, direct it away from exposures or extinguish burning gas that may be threatening an exposure.

D) If the leaking pipe is at an excavation site, consider filling the excavation site wi water.

B) A load roaring sound indicates a high pressure gas leak

(EP - Natural Gas pg 18)

A - Opaque cloud = can indicate LOW or high pressure leak.

B - Load roaring = High pressure leak

C - NEVER extinguish burning gas

D - AVOID filling excavation site with water.

29

An officer conducting drill on gas leaks was correct to state that?

A) A heavy odor of gas will always exist at a major gas leak.

B) If leaking gas is burning, wet down combustible materials near the burning gas, but allow the gas to burn until the gas supply is shut off.

C) A leak or break in low or high pressure gas piping may be stopped or greatly diminished by taping, or stuffing rags, paper, etc. into the break.

D) At major indoor leaks, check at least 2 exposures on each side of the affected occupancies for the presence of a gas odor or leak.

B) If leaking gas is burning, wet down combustible materials near the burning gas, but allow the gas to burn until the gas supply is shut off.

(EP - Natural Gas pg 16)

A - Heavy odor of gas WILL NOT ALWAYS be present at major indoor
leaks.

B - Correct

C - A leak in LOW PRESSURE gas piping can be stopped or slowed
down by stuffing rags into the break. (NOT for high pressure leaks)

D - At major indoor leaks, check at least THREE (3) exposure on each
side of the affected occupancies for presence of gas odor or leak.