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Veterinary Technician > Emergency medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emergency medicine Deck (251)
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1

If an animal is having Difficulty breathing suggestions would be to:

-Minimal restraint and no neck leads
-Keep animal calm
-Keep in cool environment

2

If an animal is Choking suggestions would be to? Bleeding?

-Bring in immediately
-May try Heimlich maneuver
3) Clean cloth or towel applied

3

Exposed or ingested toxicant, suggestions:

-Bring product container
-Time of exposure
-Determine if vomited
-Immediate departure if < 30’ distance
-Induce emesis if > 30’
-External, give bath

4

Recumbent/shocky, suggestions:

Cover and keep warm

5

Seizuring suggestions:

-Advise should stop in 2-5 minutes
-Stay calm
-Move animal away from stairs, furniture
-Keep hands away from mouth
-Place cool wet towels on pet for transport

6

Limb fracture suggestions:

-Transport with minimal handling
-Possible splint with magazine, pole or other clean material

7

Open or penetrating wound suggestions:

Chest: place in lateral recumbency with affected side down
Cover wound with clean, water moistened towels
FB: leave in place and place animal with unaffected side down

8

Burn suggestions:

Apply cool water compress

9

Heatstroke suggestions:

-Rinse animal with gentle spray
-Do not rinse when transporting
-DO NOT APPLY ICE

10

Ocular injury suggestions

-Exposure to irritant-rinse copiously
-Cover with moistened towel

11

Define triage.

Defined as the evaluation and allocation of treatment to patients according to a system of priorities designed to maximize the number of survivors

12

Treatment should NEVER be altered due to amount of patients but only by _______

approval of the owner.

13

Crash cart should have what inside for breathing?

-Airway, Breathing, Circulation
-ET tubes
-Ambu bag
-Laryngoscope
-Stylet
-O2 mask

14

Crash cart should have what inside for circulation?

-Stethoscope
-IV catheters: Butterfly catheters
-Tape
-Clippers
-Sx scrub
-Minor/major surgical pack
-Fluid administration sets: Fluid bags
-Balanced electrolyte
-Hypertonic saline, Synthetic colloid
-Infuser bag

15

What drugs are mandatory to have in a crash box?

-Atropine*
-Epinephrine*
-2 % lidocaine without epinephrine*
-Sodium bicarbonate*
-Syringes
-Needles
-Dose chart

16

An advantage of a crash box is?

1) More supply space
2) Adapted for specialized equipment (O2 & suction)

17

What are some responsibilities of the technician during an emergency

-Prepare emergency & operating room
-Receive phone calls
-Provide first aid instructions
-Secure patient’s airway & manage IPPV if needed
-Secure IV access
-Monitoring devices
-Pain management
-Charts
-Communication with doctors

18

What 3 things should a crash cart be?

1) Central Location
2) Easily Accessed
3) Portable

19

Water-based solutions containing electrolytes and nonelectrolyte solutes permeable to capillary membranes, used for rehydration and maintenance

Crystalloids

20

1st choice for fluid resuscitation, but not good for shock therapy, renal failure or cerebral injuries

Crystalloids

21

Lower osmotic pressure than fluid comparing

hypotonic

22

Good replacement for Dehydration and Resuscitation, Not good for maintenance due to higher content of Na and Cl

isotonic

23

Draws fluid into vascular spaces, May be prolonged when used with colloids. Used for treating Head injuries, cerebral edema. Prolonged use can lead to hypernatremia, hyperosmolality, increased bleeding. Too fast infusion can cause bradycardia, hypotension, bronchoconstriction, rapid shallow breathing

hypertonic

24

Include dextran 70 & hetastarch. Maintains fluid within the vascular space as long as the osmotic pressure greater than the tissue. Usually maintained by albumin.

colloids

25

T/F Digital faster than film

true

26

Always obtain caller’s _______ BEFORE placing on hold

name/phone number

27

Questions owners should be able to answer

-Is the animal breathing
-Is the animal conscious
-Is the animal bleeding
-Is the animal able to move
-Are there any open wounds or visible fractures
-When did the accident occur
-How far are the owners from the facility

28

What are the 4 classes of classifying a patient based on triage

4 Classes
I: dying before your eyes
II: critical, attention w/i minutes
III: urgent, attention w/i 1 hour
IV: less critical, attention w/i 24 h

29

What are the 4 major organ systems assessed for triage

-Respiratory
-Cardiovascular
-Neurologic
-Renal

30

What is the purpose of the primary survey(1st)?

to determine further stability of patient and to identify and treat any life-threatening conditions(vitals, samples, hemorrhage control, shock mgmt)