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Flashcards in Emercency Medicine Deck (14)
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1

If the hindquarters were elevated in a dog with a severe diaphragmatic hernia, what effect would this have on respiration?

Respiratory rate increases and respiration becomes more labored

Emergency treatment includes elevating the cranial half of the body in an attempt to cause the abdominal organs to slide back into the abdomen. If the caudal half of the body is elevated, the organs will put more pressure on the lungs, causing the breathing to become even more labored.

2

At what point should a veterinary technician become concerned that the mean arterial pressure of a patient is becoming too low and that perfusion to the brain, heart, and kidneys will be compromised if it continues to fall?

60

3

To place a nasal oxygenation catheter in a dog, a veterinary technician would measure to the:

pharynx

4

Which is the correct order of changes in mentation from best to worst?

quiet, obtunded, stuporous, comatous

5

A dog presents with pericardial effusion. Where should a veterinary technician shave the patient for a pericardiocentesis?

right side - 3-7th rib

6

a Velpeau sling is used

to stabilize the shoulder

7

spica splint is also used to stabilize the

shoulder as well as the forelimb

8

When preparing a patient for a temporary tracheostomy, where should the patient be shaved and scrubbe

Mandible to manubrium

9

Where is the manubruim?

The manubrium (Latin: handle) is the broad upper part of the sternum. It has a quadrangular shape, narrowing from the top, which gives it four borders. The suprasternal notch (jugular notch) is located in the middle at the upper broadest part of the manubrium. This notch can be felt between the two clavicles.

10

A cat presents after being hit by a car. The veterinarian notes abdominal effusion, performs an abdominocentesis to obtain a sample, and asks you to run electrolytes on the abdominal fluid and compare it to serum electrolytes. Why?

He/she is worried about uroabdomen

11

What is the most likely cause of respiratory distress in a dog that has suffered from a choking episode?

An acute, severe upper airway obstruction (such as seen in a choking episode) causes a decrease in the intrathoracic pressure because the patient is breathing against an obstruction. This causes an increase in pulmonary arterial pressure, which forces fluid across the capillary wall into the alveoli, resulting in a noncardiogenic pulmonary edema.

12

A patient receives a packed red blood cell transfusion. How many days can pass before he will require a crossmatch for a second transfusion?

5

13

Which of the following blood tests can be diagnostic for anticoagulant rodenticide ingestion?

PT

14

What changes will be seen on the pulse oximeter of a patient with carbon dioxide poisoning?

none