Electoral Systems Flashcards Preview

A Level Politics UK and Ideologies > Electoral Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Electoral Systems Deck (39)
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1

Where is FPTP used

To elect MPs in the UK general elections

2

What type of system is FPTP

Pluralist

3

Why has FPTP been criticised recently

Inability to prevent a hung parliament

4

Define mandate

Authority to govern

5

What are the four strengths of FPTP

Creates a clear mandate
Easy to understand
Prevents extremist parties
Open list

6

Main weaknesses of FPTP

Creates wasted votes
Excludes women and minorities
Encourages tactical voting
DISTORTS THE VOTE not proportional

7

What type of system is AMS

It is a hybrid (mixed) system:
• FPTP
• Proportional Representation

8

Where is the AMS used

In Scottish Parliament, welsh assembly, London assembly

9

How many votes are cast in AMS

2 votes

1 regional
1 constituent

10

How are regional seats allocated

On a corrective bases
Or ‘top up votes’
Calculated using d’Hondt formula

11

What are the main strengths of AMS

Parliament is more proportionate
Helps smaller parties gain seats=voices heard
Maintains clear link between MSPs and constituents
Reduces adversarial politics

12

Main weaknesses of AMS

Smaller parties gain less publicity than larger ones
More complex method of counting votes
More than one representative for an area

13

Where is STV used

In northern Irish assembly, European, local elections

14

Is STV proportionate or not

Yes

15

How do people vote in STV

Ranked
(Ordinal)

16

How many MPs are sent forward in STV

Each constituency sends a team of MPs from a large multi member constituency

17

What must a candidate do to be elected under STV

Must reach a quota set by the droop formula

18

What are the strengths of STV

Lots of voter choice
Eliminates tactical voting
Fewer votes are wasted as they are reassigned
No safe seats
Conciliatory voting

19

Main weaknesses of STV

Must be very politically involved to rank
Donkey voting
Party can put forward the best person who will win most votes
Ballot paper quite confusing

20

How many countries use party list

80

21

When is party list used

UK MEP elections and top up votes for AMS

22

Who do u vote for in party list

A particular party
Closed list

23

What happens under party list in large areas

Large areas vote to elect. Group of MPs which closely mirror the way the area has voted

24

What are the main strengths of Party List

Proportional system- few wasted votes
Small parties will be represented so people feel that there voices are being heard

25

Main weaknesses of party list

Weak Mp constituent link
Closed list- can not reject a particular MP
Power is in party headquarters
Increase in coalition government

26

What type of system is SV

A non proportional majoritarian system

27

What does SV look like on the ballot paper

Two columns on ballot paper ( first choice & second choice )

28

What happens if no candidate wins a majority under SV

Top two candidates progress - the 2nd choice votes are then factored in
Whoever had the most votes after this is the winner

29

Where is SV used

London mayoral elections

30

What are the main strengths of SV

Easy for voters to understand
Could encourage conscilliatory voting
Strong mp constituent link
Minority parties have voices heard not entirely wasted
Winner represents majority of constituency