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Flashcards in Early Man & the Rise of Civilization Deck (15)
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1

What was the Paleolithic Age?

the "Old Stone Age"

2

What are the characteristics of the Paleolithic Age?

The people were nomadic, hunter-gatherers with no permanent homes; few possessions; no writing; no to little articultural development; no agriculture; fire=MVP

3

What invention marks the beginning of the Neolithic Age?

agriculture

4

Describe the Neolithic Age

Permanent homes; food producers; increased inventions; the "new stone age"

5

How many years ago did people start farming?

6,000 years ago

6

Did everyone enter the Neolithic Age at the same time?

No, because different people entered at different times depending on the development of agriculture

7

What is job specialization?

Different people doing different things for a living; division of labor

8

What is the barter system

Trading goods for services/goods

9

coined money = _____________

centralized government (because the government coins the money)

10

What is the difference between subsistence and surplus agriculture?

Subsistence: everybody does it because no one is very good at it (no surplus)
Surplus: When people had a surplus (invention increased), grew enough food that there was some left over

11

Why did early agricultural communities grow up in river valleys?

infrastructure
fertile soild
irrigation - not dependent on rainfall

12

Know the chain of events that take you from a nomadic hunting and gathering society to a "civilization" that includes writing

subsistence agriculture -- leisure time -- surplus agriculture -- job specialization -- barter system -- broadened economic base -- writing

13

What was the impact of the wheel?

increased...
travel
trade
cultural contact
longevity (length of life)
producitivy

14

What is a cultural diffuser?

someone or something that spreads culture
ex: Alexander the Great
radio, TV, internet
Juliusca

15

What is a cultural linker?

Someone or something that preserves the past for future generations
ex: library, volcano, history book, museum, Will Durant, artifact