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Flashcards in Early Concepts Deck (22)
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1

What is the defintion of history

the INTERPRETATION of AVAILABLE information and artifacts of ancient and medieval times

2

What percentage of artifacts have we found?

less than 3%

3

Know the 3 types of political systems

Democratic (Republic, Democratic-Republic, Direct), Totalitarian (Dictatorship, Oligarchy, Theocracy, Fascism), & Traditional (absolute, constitutional)

4

Democratic advantages

most political citizens; have a voice; fair

5

Democratic disadvantages

slow

6

Totalitarian advantages

stability and very fast

7

Totalitarian disadvantages

have a bad leader (not fit to rule)

8

Traditional advantages

stable

9

Traditional disadvantages

bad ruler

10

Know the 3 types of economic systems

Market (consumer-driven), Command (socialism, communism), & Traditional (inherit role in ecomomy)

11

What (who) is a political citizen?

someone who particpates in the political proccess

12

What type of political system has the most political citizens?

Democracy

13

What are the 3 types of resources?

human, natural, capital (manmade; money)

14

What does "guns vs. butter" mean?

GUNS = military spending
BUTTER = domestic spending

15

What questions does an economic system address?

What goods to produce? Who will produce what goods? How will resources be used?

16

Know how the economic and political systems match up

Democracy - Market
Totalitarian - Command
Traditional - Traditional

17

Be able to label a basic socio-economic pyramid

leader
administrators
skilled workers
unskilled workers
slaves

18

What factor is most important to a person's position within a socio-economic pyramid?

status (perceived importance)

19

What is social mobility?

the ability to move up or down the socio-economic pyramid

20

Know the 5 positive historical constants

1) peace
2) internal stability
3) cultural contact
4) strong leadership
5) centralized government

21

Know the 5 negative historical constants

1) war
2) internal instability
3) isolation
4) stong weak leadership
5) decentralized government

22

What is the defintion of Western Civilization?

the cumulative knowledge beginning with the Minoans of Crete -- Mycenaens -- Greeks (through Homer) -- Alexander the Great -- Roman Empire