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Flashcards in Early Christian Ireland Deck (75)
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1

Early Christian Ireland sections

metalwork
manuscripts
stone work

2

Relic

Object associated with a saint, can be body part

3

Reliquaries

vessels to hold relics

4

Shrine

decorated case for enclosing a relic that would be put on display in a monastery

5

True Cross

name for physical remnants which are believed to be from cross upon which Jesus was crucified

6

Motif

design/pattern used to decorate an artefact

7

Tapering

to gradually widen/become narrower

8

Zoomorphic

deco of stylised animal/beast forms

9

interlacing

decoration of intertwined lines that create an illusion of woven strands passing over + under each other (line basketry)

10

insular art

type of art found in Ireland, Scotland, England, Mediterranean + La Tene styles, contributed to Insular Art style

11

metalwork techniques

casting
chipcarving (kerbshnitt)
enamelling
champleve
cloisonne
engraving/incision/die stamping
gilding/silvering
gold filigree
millefiori

12

casting`

3D form created by pouring molten metal into clay/stone mould left to harden

13

chipcarving / kerbschnitt

small chips of gold carved out from flat gold surface w/ fine chisels + knives.
creates patterns in high relief, imitate wood carving

14

enamelling

enamel - glaze made from powdered glass fused by intense heat to metal surface
colours achieved by mixing in minerals eg. cobalt. long-lasting gloss finish

15

two methods of enamelling

champleve
cloisonne

16

champleve

hollows made in metal + filled with paste of powdered enamel

17

cloisonne

method of enamelling that separates the colours w/ thin strips of metal

18

engraving/incision/die stamping

cutting lines into metal w/ pointed metal scriber

19

gold filigree

fine metal wires used to create geometric patterns or intertwined creatures + were delicately soldered to a sheet of same metal

20

gilding/silvering

done by overlaying copper/bronze w/ thin sheet of gold/silver

21

millefiori

millefiori glass produced by fusing glass rods of diff colours in intense heat.
Millefiori glass stretches into thin lengths.
Cross sections sawn out yielding flower like patterns

22

5th - 10th century artefacts

Ballinaderry Brooch
Tara Brooch
Rinnegan Crucifixion Plaque
Ardagh Chalice
Derrynaflan Chalice
Derrynaflan Patten

23

11th - 12th century artefacts

Cross of Cong
St Patricks Bell Shrine
Lismore Crozier
St Lachtin's Arm Shrine

24

Period in which 5th to 10th century artefacts were produced

-St Patrick came to Ireland
-Ireland gradually became Christian
-Mediterranean, La Tene, Anglo Saxon art styles fused by Irish artists to create Insular Art style

25

Period in which 11th to 12th century artefacts were produced

-Irish Artists adopted aspects of Viking decorative Urnes style which was typified by intersecting zoomorphic imagery
-Vikings brought new metalwork techniques, large supply of silver, new brooch designs
-Most of artefacts were commissioned by church or local kings/chieftanssz

26

Ballinaderry Brooch - LOCATION

Co. Offaly

27

Ballinaderry Brooch - FORM

-Pennanular brooch (has a gapped ring) with sharp pin through it

28

Ballinaderry Brooch - FUNCTION

ed to hold garment closed

29

Ballinaderry Brooch - DECORATION

-Decorated w/ bands of lines, hatchings, herringbone design

30

Ballinaderry Brooch - METALWORK TECH

-Millefiori glass inlaid in little plate on terminals of brooch, along w/ sunken areas of red enamel
-Millefiori -'thousand flowers' in Italian
-Millefiori glass produced by fusing glass rods of diff. colours in intense head. Molten glass streatched into thin lengths. Cross-secions sawn out yielding flower-like patterns