Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture Flashcards Preview

10 History of Architecture > Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture Deck (25)
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1

A decorative architectural frame; usually found around a niche; door; or window.

Aedicule

2

A passageway around the apse or altar of a church.

Ambulatory

3

a vault rising from two walls that are circular in plan (as above the walls of an ambulatory) ??

Annular Vault

4

A recess; usually semicircular; in the wall of a building; commonly found at the east end of a church.

Apse

5

An unroofed interior courtyard or room in a Roman house; sometimes having a pool or garden; sometimes surrounded by columns

Atrium

6

A canopy placed over an honorific or sacred space such as a throne or church altar

Baldachin

7

In Christian architecture; a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica; usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other.

Basilica

8

The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas and medieval churches; the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults.

Clerestory

9

the intersection of nave and transept in a cruciform church

crossing

10

a subterranean chamber or vault; especially one beneath the main floor of a church; used as a burial place; a location for secret meetings; etc.

Crypt

11

A second story over the side aisles of a church below the clerestory

Gallery

12

a floor plan with four arms of equal length and at right angles.

Greek Cross

13

the design of a Christian basilca with a long arms and 3 shorter arms

Latin Cross

14

A building containing crypts or vaults for entombment; an above ground structure for burial.

Mausoleum

15

A vestibule leading to the nave of a church

Narthex

16

The principal longitudinal area of a church; extending from the main entrance or narthex to the chancel; usually flanked by aisles of less height and breadth: generally used only by the congregation.

nave

17

A square pillar

pier

18

A construction shaped like a triangle that transitions the space between flat walls and the base of a round dome (think Squinch!)

pendentive

19

round center of a stain glass window; A circular painting or relief sculpture

roundel

20

half a dome; especially as formed by a vertical section; as over a semicircular apse.

semidomes

21

Passage or open corridor of a basilica; church; hall; or other building that parallels the main space; usually on both sides; and is delineated by a row; or arcade; of columns or piers.

side aisles

22

the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting their vertexes

spandrels

23

what we do when we see "dat apse!"

squinch

24

War plunder; like stone from temples; used to construct new buildings. Most early christian buildings were made of this.

spolia

25

The part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle.

Transept