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Flashcards in DSM Deck (68)
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1

• 0-5 y/o
• Social reciprocity
• Babies
• not making eye sustained contact
• Not accepting a toy
• No back and forth play
• 3-4
• Doesn't play at all or limited in play
• Stereotyped repetitive behaviors
• Repetitive speech
• Repetitive behaviors (e.g. hand flapping)
Hyper/hypo sensitivity to sensory input

Autism Spectrum Disorder

2

Impaired social communication AND THAT'S IT!

Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder

3

• Could be related to math, reading, writing skills
• Learning basic academic skills based on age

Specific Learning Disorder

4

• Make sure you're ruling out a specific learning disorder
• Need to be present before 12
• Need 2 or more contexts (e.g. school, work, home)
• Adults that are diagnosed may have compensated with high intelligence
• Inattention
• Someone who cannot sustain attention
• Frequently interrupt others
• Difficulty organizing
• Hard time doing tasks
• Hyperactivity
Fidgeting and needing to move around a lot

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

5

Persistent eating of nonfood substances

Pica

6

Repeated regurgitation of food

Rumination Disorder

7

• Hard time building vocabulary
• Mainly children
• Very simple sentences
• Limited sentence structures

Language Disorder

8

• Stuttering
• Words repeated
• Broken words

Child Onset Fluency Disorder

9

When someone has both motor and vocal tics

Tourette’s Disorder

10

Would have motor or vocal tic

Persistent Motor/Vocal Tic Disorder

11

• Soiling of pants > 4 year old
This has a "P", think of poop

Encopresis

12

• Urination of bed or clothes > 5 or older
• This has a "U", think of urine
• Could be a sign of trauma

Enuresis

13

• Has to do with anxiety with separating with attachment figure or spouse
• Could be diagnosed in adults
• Children 4 weeks
• Adult 6 months

Separation Anxiety Disorder

14

• Worrying about a number of things
• Across multiple domains
• Physical symptoms (e.g. trouble sleeping)
• Have to be present for > 6 months for both adults and children

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

15

Fails to speak in specific situations

Selective Mutism

16

• Fear of social situations
• Fear of being observed, rejected
• Around people that they know or don't know

Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)

17

• Early age. Range 9 months to 5 years of age.
• Result of neglect or abuse or changing of caregivers (e.g. foster)
• Sometimes called a failure to thrive
• Very withdrawn
• Don't seek comfort or respond to comfort
• Sit in corner, don't engage
• Show little excitement
• Fly under the radar because they don't act out
• They've given up that anyone would care for them

Reactive Attachment Disorder

18

• Early age. Range 9 months to 5 years of age.
• Result of neglect or abuse or changing of caregivers (e.g. foster)
• Overly comfortable with strangers
• Appear to attach really easily with people

Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder

19

• Overly defiant
• Problems with authority
• Argumentative

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

20

• Violation the rights of others
• Lack of remorse
• Law breaking
• Initiate fights
• Destroying property
• Feeds into Antisocial personality disorder as an adult
• ASPD - criteria is that they had conduct disorder as a child

Conduct Disorder

21

• What people use to call bipolar in children
• Usually diagnosed at 6-10 y/o but up to age 17
• Chronically irritable or moody
• Reoccurring temper tantrums
• Outbursts need to happen 3 times/week to qualify
• Mood is negative even when they aren't having the outbursts

Disruptive Mood Disregulation Disorder

22

Up to a month
1. Delusions
a. Belief that is false
2. Hallucination
a. Visual/auditory
3. Disorganized speech
4. Disorganized behaviors
a. Could be a related to hallucinations
5. Negative symptoms
a. People having a very flat affect (quiet, don't respond to any type of interactions)

Brief Psychotic Disorder

23

1-6 months
1. Delusions
a. Belief that is false
2. Hallucination
a. Visual/auditory
3. Disorganized speech
4. Disorganized behaviors
a. Could be a related to hallucinations
5. Negative symptoms
a. People having a very flat affect (quiet, don't respond to any type of interactions)

Schizophreniform Disorder

24

Over 6months
1. Delusions
a. Belief that is false
2. Hallucination
a. Visual/auditory
3. Disorganized speech
4. Disorganized behaviors
a. Could be a related to hallucinations
5. Negative symptoms
a. People having a very flat affect (quiet, don't respond to any type of interactions)

Schizophrenia

25

• At least 2 weeks
• Dark or black mood
• Can't enjoy things they use to (Anhedonia)
• Lack motivation
• Changes in functioning (sleeping little or oversleeping)
• Changes in appetite
• Suicidal ideation
Worthlessness

Major Depressive Disorder

26

• Don't not meet full criteria of MDD
• They are functioning BUT they do feel
• They have some signs of milder disturbances in functioning
• May don't report that they have suicidal ideation

Unspecified Depressive Disorder

27

• At least 2 years in adults
• At least 1 year in children
• Not as severe as MDD

Persistent Depressive Disorder (dysthymia)

28

• Manic phase
• Elevate mood that leads to significant impairment for at least 1 week
• Feelings of positive or irritability
• Grandiose thoughts
• Lack of need of sleep or excessive energy
• Experiences it as euphoria
Often in denial that they are in a manic phase

Bipolar I Disorder

29

• Hypomanic phase and MDE
• Only 4 days
• Does not lead to same impairment as manic phase
○ (not as much damage to relationships)

Bipolar II Disorder

30

• 2 years
• Hypomanic phase that alternates with a low level depressive episode

Cyclothymic Disorder