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Flashcards in Disruptions to energy pathways Deck (9)
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1

What is an energy supply pathway?

Any movement of fossil fuels or electricity from supplier to consumer e.g. pipelines for oil and gas, electricity grids and shipping routes

2

Reasons causing disruption:
- Accidents e.g. Gulf (1) in 2010
- Natural hazards e.g. 2011 tsunami damaged (2)
- (3) attack

1 - oil spill
2 - nuclear power plant in Japan
3 - terrorist

3

Reasons causing disruption:
- (1) tension e.g. 2012 Iran threatened to cut supply to (2)
- (3) activity affected oil deliveries in the Pacific Ocean
- Economic dispute e.g. 2009 (4)

1 - Political
2 - USA
3 - Somalian pirate
4 - Ukraine-Russia dispute

4

Describe 'Trans-Action'

A pressure group that was formed by independent truck owners who protested at oil refineries causing blockades of facilities and rising fuel prices

5

Russian gas to Europe:
- World's (1) largest producer of gas
- Russian exports accounted for (2) of Europe's gas
- Pipeline constructed in (3) with Western funding to provide (4)

1 - 2nd
2 - 39%
3 - 1984
4 - Soviet gas

6

Russian gas to Europe:
- In 2005, dispute arose when Ukraine were found to be (1) which led to Russia diverting (2)
- Ukraine can cause difficulty by (3) or halting gas routes

1 - extracting gas without paying
2 - all trade routes
3 - increasing the price

7

If Ukraine joined the EU or NATO, what two options would this present Russia with?

- Reduce or stop gas through Ukraine and use Finland or Poland
- Annexe Ukraine (add territory to one's own territory)

8

Name two physical disruptions to energy pathways

Terrain and natural hazards

9

Name three human factors that disrupt energy pathways

Wars, Economic inflation and Protests