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Flashcards in Diabetes Medications Deck (24)
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1

Name the two types of insulin secretaogues and their Rx names

sulfonylureas (glipizide/glucotrol and glimepiride/amaryl) and meglitinides (glinides/prandin)

2

What is the function of insulin secretaogues

increases insulin secretions

3

what are the side effects of insulin secretaogues

hypoglycemia

4

What is the Rx name for biguanides

Metformin/glucophage

5

What is the function of biguanides

decrease glucose released from liver (suppress hepatic glucose production), increase insulin uptake in muscle (enhance insulin action)

6

What are the side effects of biguanides

bloating
gas
diarreah
anorexia

7

When should metformin/glucophage be taken

with food to decrease GI symptoms

8

Pts with kidney / liver abnormalities may experience this side effect of metformin

lactic acidosis

9

Name the Rx name of Thiaolidinediones

TZDs/Pioglitazones/glitazones/actos

10

What is the function of thiazolidinediones

increase insulin sensitivity

11

What are the side effects of taking thiazolidinediones

edema, fluit retention, increased risk of CHF of high risk pts

12

What are the Rx names for GLP-1 agonist

exenatide/byetta

13

What is the function of GLP-1 agonist

increase insulin secretion
suppress postprandial glucagon secretion

14

What are the side effects of taking a GLP-1 agonist

N/V/D/C
Headaches
Dizziness
Indigestion
Anorexia
Sweating

15

What are the Rx names for Amylin Agonist

Pramlintide / Symlin

16

What is the function of amylin agonist

decrease glucagon release
appetitie suppressant

17

What are the side effects of amylin agonist

N/V
Headache
+insulin = hypoglycemia

18

What are the Rx names for DPP-4 Inhibitors

Saxagliptin/Onglyza
Sitagliptin/Januvia
Linagliptin/Tradjenta

19

What are the functions of DPP-4 Inhibitors

Decrease glucose release overnight and between meals

20

What are the side effects of DPP-4 inhibitors

Cold-like symptoms (sore throat, stuffy notes, upper resp. infection)
Diarreah
Stomach Discomfort

21

What are the types of SGLT-2 Inhibitors

Canagliflozin/Invokana
Dapagliflozin/Farxiga
Empaglyfloxin/Jardiance

22

What is the function of SGLT-2 Inhibitors

Kidneys excrete glucose via urine

23

What are the side effects of SGLT-2 Inhibitors

Acidosis
Dehydration
Increased Cholesterol
Yeast Infection
+other Rx DM meds = hypoglycemia

24

Name the nutrition interactions of SGLT-2 inhibitors

do not take with food
interferes with Vit D, Ca, P metabolism
take with Ca supplement