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A Level Politics UK and Ideologies > Devolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Devolution Deck (41)
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1

What was deemed the year that changed everything

1997

2

What occurred in 1997

A new labour came into power

3

What did the new labour want

A more representative and accountable government

4

What were some of the powers that were devolved to the states

Agriculture
Envivronment
Education
Health and social services

5

What are the issues which are reserved to Westminster

The constitution
Defence and national security
Foreign policy

6

What was the result of the Scottish referendum on a Scottish parliament

60% turnout

75% yes
25% no

7

How are Scottish parliament members elected

Using AMS

8

What is the role of the Scottish parliament

To hold the Scottish government to account

Can pass laws and has tax powers

9

What was the name of the act that transferred powers to Scotland

The Scotland act 1998

10

What did the calman commission reccomend in regard to further devolution in Scotland

The Scottish parliament gained new powers over:
Air weapons
Income tax

11

What happened in 2014 in regard to Scotland

A referendum was held run by Scottish parliament on the issue of Scottish independence

12

Describe the referendum on the welsh assembly

September 1997- support the creation of a welsh assembly

Turnout= 50%

Yes=50.3
No=49.7

13

Welsh assembly: senedd

Where is it?
How many members?
How are they elected?

Cardiff
60 elected members
Additional member system

14

What’s the role of the welsh assembly

To represent wales and it’s people, making laws for Wales, agreeing on taxis and holding the welsh govt to account

15

Name 3 powers of the welsh assembly

Transport
Justice
Agriculture

16

What is the effect of devolved powers

Makes Wales more independent as they have control over there own laws

But it weakens the bond as Wales is no longer as reliant on the UK

17

Describe the referendum on the northern Irish assembly: stormont

Good Friday agreement- 81% turnout

71% yes
29% no

18

Northern Irish assembly: stormont

Where is it?
How many members?
What’s the role of the assembly?
How is it elected?

Belfast
90
Represent Northern Ireland and to make laws regarding a set limit of issues
Single transferable vote

19

List 3 of the powers the northern Irish assembly has power over

Employment
Education
Environment

20

What do many people argue in regard to devolution in the UK

That England is being left behind

We should have a English parliament/ assembly

21

The conservatives in 2015 had “to resolve the West Lothian question” on there agenda

What is this?

Should MPs from Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland be allowed vote on laws that only affect England, yet English MPs cannot vote on matters that are consulted in devolved parliaments

22

What are the arguments in favour of an English parliament

•complete uk devolution
•create a more coherent system

23

What are the arguments against a English parliament

•create tension between the English parliament and uk government
•not equal as England is much bigger than the other nations in the union
•very limited public support

24

What is the percentage of people in England which want an English parliament

20%

25

What is the most important consequence of devolution

The West Lothian question

26

Explain the concept of English votes for English laws

The idea proposed by conservatives that only English MPs should get to vote on matters which affect England

Proposed that English MPs are able to veto the legislation before it comes in front of MPs for a final stage

27

Describe the referendum in 2004 for regional assembly in the north east

78% said no

28

What are the arguments in favour of devolution to the region

•decision making closer to the people
•create a more balanced devolution system
•enhance democracy (more elected official)
•sense of regional identity
•catalyse regional development

29

Arguments against devolution to the regions

-few areas have a strong sense of regional identity
-break up England
-tension between regional and local govt
-dominated by urban not rural interests
-little public support

30

What are..... responsible for

Unitary councils
County councils
District councils
Metropolitan borough councils

1) full range of services
2)local services- education n transport
3) housing, leisure
4) urban areas