Detente and the failure of detente 1970 - 1980 Flashcards Preview

Superpower Relations: 1941 - 1991 NEW > Detente and the failure of detente 1970 - 1980 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Detente and the failure of detente 1970 - 1980 Deck (19)
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1

Define detente?

The easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.

2

What was Detente?

An easing of tensions in the Cold war in the 1970s.

3

Why did the USA want easier relations at this time?

Their economy was poor.

4

Why did the USSR want easier relations at this time?

Their economy was poor.
They wanted to reduce their spending on weapons.

5

What was SALT 1?

An attempt to reduce nuclear weapons?

6

What were the three agreements that were made as a part of the Helsinki Accords in August 1975? (3)

Security - Eastern European borders would be recognised.
Co-operation - The USA and the USSR would share ideas and trade resources.
Human Rights - Both countries agreed to protect basic human rights, like free speech.

7

Why did 'Basket 3' lead to some disagreement on the part of the USSR?

They did not have the same basic understanding of human rights compared to the USA.

8

What was SALT 2 supposed to include?

Limiting the number and type of nuclear weapons.

9

What events had led to the spirit of detente beginning to fade by 1979?

USSR invaded Afghanistan.

10

Where did the soviet troops invade on Christmas Eve 1979?

Afghanistan.

11

What was the name of the pro-Soviet leader put in place in Afghanistan?

Mujaheddin.

12

How much did the Afghanistan war cost the USSR per year?

$8.2 billion.

13

How many Soviet troops were killed in Afghanistan?

50,000

14

How did Carter respond to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan? (4)

The Carter Doctrine.
Sending troops to the Arabian Gulf.
Boycotting the Moscow Olympics.
Stopping grain shipments.

15

When were the Moscow Olympics?

1980

16

Why did it matter that the USA chose to boycott the Olympics?

They were willing to mix the bad political situation with sport, something the Olympics had always sought to avoid happening.

17

What were the consequences of the USA boycotting the Olympics? (2)

It lowered the standards of it.
It potentially damaged the morale of people.

18

What did it do to the relations between the USA and the USSR? (1980)

Weakened them very badly.

19

What was beginning to 'start' by 1980?

'The Second Cold War'