Depressive / Bipolar Related Disorders Flashcards Preview

DSM 5 > Depressive / Bipolar Related Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Depressive / Bipolar Related Disorders Deck (7)
Loading flashcards...

Difference between...

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) vs
Unspecified Depressive Disorder (FKA NOS) vs
Persistent Depressive Disorder (FKA Dysthymia)

severity and timeline

Major Depressive Disorder
- symptoms present for at least 2 weeks

Unspecified Depressive Disorder (mild depression)
- don't meet criteria for MDD

Persistent Depressive Disorder
- adults: symptoms present for at least 2 years
- kids: symptoms present for at least 1 year


Major Depressive Disorder

S - sleep changes
I - Interest loss
G - Guilt / Worthlessness
E - Energy lack
C - Concentration loss
A - Appetite change
P - Pyschomotor Activity change
S - Suicidal ideation


BiPolar I

NEED: one full manic episode to be diagnosed

MANIC EPISODE: for at least 1 week or more
- extreme happiness
- hyperactivity
- little need for sleep
- racing thoughts
- rapid speech
- may have psychotic features

- causes difficulty or impairment in occupational or social functioning
* tendency to be misdiagnosed


BiPolar II

NEED: 2 things to diagnose

1) hypomania: persists for 4 days
- similar to manic episode
- elevated mood isn't as severe
- no psychotic features
- markedly different from normal mood

2) episodes of Major Depressive Disorder



2 criteria

1) hypomania - 4 days
2) milder depression

- mild, but noticeable up and down feeling


Bereavement vs Major Depressive Disorder

- occurs in conjunction with dying
- previously had to wait 2 months after someone died to diagnose MDD, not can diagnose Bereavement AND MDD


Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood

ONSET: symptoms must appear within 3 months of stressor and cannot exceed 6 months

- never given with the death of someone --> Bereavement
- occurs after a stressor is experienced: moving, fired, divorce
- after 6 months, change diagnosis
- can have other specifiers: anxious mood, conduct disorder