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Flashcards in Depression Deck (69)
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1

Psychological disorders characterized by pathological extremes of certain moods.

Mood Disorders

2

When mood is elevated to the point of euphoria and impairs daily functioning

Mania

3

Bipolar Disorder is characterized by one or more ______ episodes accompanied by periods of _______

Manic
Depression

4

Which sex is more affected by bipolar disorder?

Neither, they are both affected equally

5

What are some Emotional symptoms of a Manic Episode?

Elated
Euphoric
Very sociable
Impatient

6

What are some Cognitive symptoms of a Manic Episode

Racing thoughts
Desire for action
Impulsive
Talkative
Delusions of Grandeur
Self-confident

7

What are some Motor symptoms of a Manic Episode?

Hyperactive
Tireless
Require less sleep
Increased sex dress
Fluctuating appetite

8

What are some Emotional symptoms of a Depressive Episode?

Gloomy
Hopeless
Socially withdrawn
Irritable

9

What are some Cognitive symptoms of a Depressive Episode?

Slowness of thought
Worrying
Indecisive
Negative self-image
Self-blame
Guilt

10

What are some Motor symptoms of a Depressive Episode?

Less active
Tired
Difficulty sleeping
Decreased sex drive
Decreased appetite

11

Depression occurs on a _____

Spectrum

12

On average, how long does untreated depression last?

9 Months

13

Sadness is an ________ pain that we must wait out - ______ occurs when we loose sight of its time limited nature and move into a state of learned __________

Emotional
Depression
Helplessness

14

Depression can be categorized as:

Mild (some difficulties with daily activities)

Moderate

Severe (Unable to continue with daily activities)

15

What is MDD?

Major Depressive Disorder

16

What is MDD characterized by?

Periods of sustained sorrowful mood
Feelings of guilt
Sense of worthlessness
Anhedonia

17

What daily functions are affected by MDD?

Thought - difficulty concentrating or decision making

Sleep - insomnia or fatigue

Appetite

Libido - decrease

18

What is commonly comorbid with MDD?

Anxiety
Substance abuse disorder
Medical illness

19

Depression is the most common _______ disorder

Psychiatric

20

____% of people will experience depression in their life

Twenty

21

Which sex is roughly twice as likely to suffer from depression?

Female

22

What is the generally accepted cause of depression?

Complex interaction of social, psychological, and biological factors

23

The pathology and symptomatology of depression include many __________ loops (psychological and molecular) which contribute to the disease

Feedback

24

There is a significant _____ component to depression - which likely dictates susceptibility (not cause)

Inherited / Genetic

25

What are some genes that have been associated with depression?

Serotonin receptors
Serotonin Transporters
BDNF (brain-derived nerve factor growth)

26

What is the most effective treatment for depression?

A combination of psychotherapy (CBT) and SSRI

27

What are the main drugs used to treat depression?

SSR

SNRI

TCA (Tricyclic
Antidepressant)

MAOI (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors)

28

What is CBT

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

29

What is the goal of CBT?

To help clients recognize and change negative thought processes - Learn new coping skills

30

Depressed individuals have reduced activity of the _____ allowing the _____ and emotions to go unchecked

PFC (self-control, planning)

Amygdala (emotional processing)