Flashcards in Depression Deck (69)
Psychological disorders characterized by pathological extremes of certain moods.
When mood is elevated to the point of euphoria and impairs daily functioning
Bipolar Disorder is characterized by one or more ______ episodes accompanied by periods of _______
Which sex is more affected by bipolar disorder?
Neither, they are both affected equally
What are some Emotional symptoms of a Manic Episode?
What are some Cognitive symptoms of a Manic Episode
Desire for action
Delusions of Grandeur
What are some Motor symptoms of a Manic Episode?
Require less sleep
Increased sex dress
What are some Emotional symptoms of a Depressive Episode?
What are some Cognitive symptoms of a Depressive Episode?
Slowness of thought
What are some Motor symptoms of a Depressive Episode?
Decreased sex drive
Depression occurs on a _____
On average, how long does untreated depression last?
Sadness is an ________ pain that we must wait out - ______ occurs when we loose sight of its time limited nature and move into a state of learned __________
Depression can be categorized as:
Mild (some difficulties with daily activities)
Severe (Unable to continue with daily activities)
What is MDD?
Major Depressive Disorder
What is MDD characterized by?
Periods of sustained sorrowful mood
Feelings of guilt
Sense of worthlessness
What daily functions are affected by MDD?
Thought - difficulty concentrating or decision making
Sleep - insomnia or fatigue
Libido - decrease
What is commonly comorbid with MDD?
Substance abuse disorder
Depression is the most common _______ disorder
____% of people will experience depression in their life
Which sex is roughly twice as likely to suffer from depression?
What is the generally accepted cause of depression?
Complex interaction of social, psychological, and biological factors
The pathology and symptomatology of depression include many __________ loops (psychological and molecular) which contribute to the disease
There is a significant _____ component to depression - which likely dictates susceptibility (not cause)
Inherited / Genetic
What are some genes that have been associated with depression?
BDNF (brain-derived nerve factor growth)
What is the most effective treatment for depression?
A combination of psychotherapy (CBT) and SSRI
What are the main drugs used to treat depression?
MAOI (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors)
What is CBT
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
What is the goal of CBT?
To help clients recognize and change negative thought processes - Learn new coping skills