Democracy In Scotland Flashcards Preview

National 5: Modern Studies > Democracy In Scotland > Flashcards

Flashcards in Democracy In Scotland Deck (108)
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Queen Elizabeth II is our head of state


Central Government

British Parliament and Government, based in London and led by the Prime Minister, Theresa May of the Conservative party


Devolved Government

Scottish Parliament and Government, based in Edinburgh and led by the First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon of the SNP


Local Government

Local Councils, known as local authorities; Scotland is divided up into 32 of these councils, for example, Dundee City Council or Fife Council


Right to vote in elections

E.g. British general election 2015, Scottish general election 2016. Must respect the outcome of the election, even if your party loses.


The right to free speech

E.g. Complain about the Government. Don't engage in hate speech or incite violence e.g. Racism, sexism and homophobia are against the law


The right to protest

E.g. Junior doctors 2015, independence camp 2014-16 and the Faslane peace camp. Don't turn to violence or riot e.g. Student protests 2010, London Riots 2011


The right to petition

E.g. 2016 petition to ban Donald Trump from the UK. Don't forge signatures


Participation - Vote in Elections

We can vote in local council, Scottish and British elections. The last Scottish election was 2016, which the SNP won


Participation - Vote in Referenda

We can vote on single issues in a referendum. For example. 52% of people in Britain voted to leave the EU in 2016


Participation - Stand as a candidate in elections

We can stand as a candidate in local, Scottish or British elections. In 2015 SNP candidate Mhairi Black was elected at age 20, making her the youngest ever MP in the House of Commons.


Participation - Help a candidate campaign

We can also help candidates we support to win their seat in an election. Many people in Dundee West canvassed people at home, handed out leaflets and wore badges in support of local MSP Joe Fitzpatrick.


Participation - Join a pressure group

We can join a pressure group if we feel strongly about a cause. For example, Greenpeace is an environmental pressure group


Participation - Join a political party

We can join a political party if we want to help them win. Many people joined the SNP and Conservative parties after the 2014 Scottish independence referendum.


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Definition

This system is used in Scotland to elect local councillors and is the most complicated system. Voters can vote as many times as they want by listing their candidates in order of preference eg ranking them 1-10. It is a system of proportional representation


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Advantages

Fully Proportional More Choice


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Fully Proportional

The result is fully proportional so if a party gets 50% of the votes they’ll get 50% of seats on the council eg in 2012 Labour received 35% of the votes in Dundee City and so won 10 seats (35%) on Dundee City Council


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - More Choice

As voters rank their candidates they have lots of choice and each vote counts eg they might rank Labour 1, SNP 2, Conservative 3, Green 4 and so on


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Disadvantages

Complicated Confusing


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Complicated

With such a complicated system it’s really difficult to count the result; lots of complicated maths is involved so it takes time to figure out how many seats each party has won


Single Transferable Vote (STV) - Confusing

Because there it is easier for smaller parties and independent candidates to be elected the ballot papers can be huge and cause lots of confusion. As a result, in 2012, 2.5% of ballots in Dundee were rejected because they’d been filled out incorrectly!


Independence - Reasons for No

Poorer Identity History


Independence - Poorer

Scotland would be poorer if it left the UK as it would not be able to use the British pound


Independence - Identity

People in Scotland feel British as well as Scottish


Independence - History

Scotland has been a part of the UK for 300 years


Independence - Reasons for Yes

Richer Self-Determination Out of Touch


Independence - Richer

Scotland could be richer if it left the UK; it has oil, tourism and a whisky trade


Independence - Self-Determination

Independence would allow for ‘self-determination’ – Scots would control the destiny of their country


Independence - Out of Touch

British parliament in London is too remote and far away to govern Scotland properly.


Scotland Act 2016

New powers introduced like; Control over some benefits; eg. Disability Living Allowance The power to raise/lower VAT The power for parliament to borrow money to fund projects The power to allow 16-17 year olds to vote