Definitions and Conceptual Framework Flashcards Preview

3) Global Food Security > Definitions and Conceptual Framework > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions and Conceptual Framework Deck (35)
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1

What is hunger?

- Feeling of discomfort
- Weakness caused by a lack of food, coupled with the desire to eat
- Strong desire or craving of food

2

Differentiate hunger from painful hunger.

- Hunger can be an uncomfortable feeling (e.g. dieting)
- If the lack of food is prolonger, hunger can hurt

3

Differentiate hunger from gastritis.

- Hunger: can be satiated by food
- Gastritis: inflammation of stomach

4

Define hidden hunger.

- A situation in which it is difficult to tell if a person is hungry
- A lack of vitamins and minerals, which do not necessarily show obvious symptoms

5

Who came up with a consensual definition concerning food security? When?

- Rome Declaration on World Food Security
- 1996

6

Who does food security affect?

- All people (sexe, ethnicity)
- All times
- Human right

7

Define food security.

- The physical and economic access to food
- The access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets our dietary needs and preferences

8

What is the end goal of food security?

To provide individuals with an active and healthy life

9

Does food security encompass food safety, or the opposite?

Food security encompasses food safety

10

Define food safety.

Food is safe to consume, and is not contaminated, toxic, etc.

11

Give an example of food insecurity in Central America and Mexico.

- Corn is the most important food
- In certain areas, there are inadequate storing facilities
- Corn is subjected to humidity and high temperatures, which causes mold to grow
- Corn accumulates toxins (Aflatoxins)
- Extremely poisonous and increases the risk of liver cancer

12

What are the toxins accumulated on corn called?

Aflatoxins

13

What used to be the core component of food security? What are we moving towards?

- Before: sufficiency
- Now: nutrition

14

Define food insecurity.

Limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways

15

Food insecurity (is/is not) the lack of food security.

is not

16

What are socially unacceptable ways of acquiring foods?

- Stealing
- Scavenging
- Food distribution inequality due to social castes or gender discrimination
- Prostitution
- Working children in the streets

17

How does food security shift to food insecurity?

- Access to food: food security
- Lack of availability: food insecurity

18

Why is availability not a problem in today's society? What is?

- We know how to produce staple foods optimally
- Problem: ability of individuals to acquire foods (income, prices, distribution)

19

Describe the physical environment.

- Climate change
- Soil degradation
- Water scarcity

20

Describe the social environment.

- Land distribution
- Conflicts

21

Describe the policy environment.

- Budget allocation
- Food markets
- Instability

22

What environmental layers contribute to food insecurity?

Physical -> Social -> Policy

23

What does insufficient financial capital impact?

Agriculture production

24

What does low human capital cause?

Illiteracy and taboos

25

What does low social capital cause?

Weak social network

26

What does low ecological capital impact?

Negatively impacts natural ressources

27

What do low capitals cause?

- Poverty, unemployment, and high food prices
- Lead to food insecurity

28

What does food insecurity lead to?

- Insufficient or low quality diet
- Poor utilization of food ressources

29

What does food insecurity lead to?

- Malnutrition (overweight, underweight)
- Malnutrition leads to illness, depression, and conflicts

30

What is the double-burden of nutrition?

- Overnutrition (rich)
- Undernutrition (poor)