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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (42)
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1

Define colostrum

-a clear, yellowish, fluid is present in the breasts of most women by week 2 of pregnancy – rich in immune globulins, protein etc
p682

2

Define leukorrhea

- a white or slightly grey mucoid discharge with a faint musty odour – copious mucoid fluid occurs in response to cervical stimulation by estrogen and progesterone p 192

3

Define Braxton Hicks contractions

irregular and painless contractions that occur intermittently throughout pregnancy – facilitates uterine bloodflow through placenta – can be mistaken for labour p189

4

Define Episiotomy

an incision made in the perineum to enlarge the vaginal outlet p477

5

Define LBW

low birth weight

6

Define VLBW

very low birth weight

7

Define SGA

small for gestational age

8

Define AGA

appropriate for gestational age

9

Define GTPAL

gravidity, term, preterm, abortion, live births p187
- gather obstetrical history information

10

Define Post term

pregnancy that goes beyond 41 weeks gestation p186

11

Define primipara

a woman who has completed one pregnancy that has reached 20 weeks gestation p186

12

Define preterm

a pregnancy that has reached 20 weeks of gestation but before completion of 37 weeks

13

Define parity

number of pregnancy to 20 wks – not number of fetuses born – parity is not affected by whether the baby is born alive or stillborn p186

14

What is Goodwell's sign

-softening of the cervical tip observed the beginning of wk 6
p190

15

What is Chadwick’s sign

-violet bluish colour of the vaginal mucosa and cervix – deepened colour seen as early as 6-8wks – due to increased vascularity
p192

16

Define gravida

a woman who is pregnant
(gravidity – pregnancy)
p186

17

Define multigravida

a woman who has had 2 or more pregnancies

18

Define multipara

-a woman who has completed two or more pregnancies to 20wks gestation or more p186

19

Define nullipara

Nullipara
-a woman who has not completed a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks
(nulligravida – never been pregnant) p186

20

Define nulligravida

woman who had never been pregnant

21

Define term

- a pregnancy delivered from the beginning of wk 37 to the end of wk 41 gestation p186

22

Define viability

-capacity to live outside the uterus, 22-25 wks p186

23

What is quickening?

'feeling life' the mothers perception of fetal movement- in first pregnancy noticed at 16-20 weeks (multipara 14 weeks)

24

Why do hemorrhoids occur more commonly during pregnancy?

-compression of the iliac veins and inferior vena cava by the uterus causes increased venous pressure and reduced blood flow in the legs p194

25

Define striae gravidarum

-stretch marks – appear in 50-90% of women in the 2nd half of pregnancy over maximum stretch areas p199

26

Define linia nigra

-a pigmented line extending from the symphysis pubis to the top of the fundus in the midline due to hormone induced pigmentation p 199

27

What is hCG?

human chorionic gonadotropin
earliest biological marker of pregnancy – production begins day of implantation p187

28

What is Nagale's rule?

-a way of determining the EDB – estimated date of birth (birth usually 7 days before or 7 days after EDB) p206

29

Define EBD

estimated birth date

30

What is the fundal height?

the measurement of the height of the uterus above the symphysis pubis – used as one indicator of fetal growth p219