Defense Mechanisms Flashcards Preview

MFT > Defense Mechanisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Defense Mechanisms Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Rationalization

• Plausible reasons justify an action or opinion

• Helps a person cope with disappointments by blaming
external circumstances

• EG: After not getting a jobs, a person things, "I'd be
better off with a different company.

• EG: After getting turned down for a date, a person says,
"that person is really snobby."

• An abused spouse may rationalize hitting her children as
"punishment" after being hit by her spouse.

2

Repression

• Refuses to let into awareness unacceptable impulses but remans unconsciously operative in behavior.

• A persons might feel sexually attracted to a person of the same sex, put pushes away this intolerable thought from consciousness only to lair dream about such sexual impulses.

• After years of celibacy, a person begins to eat copious amounts of food.

• A young boy exhibits repression when he has a phobia of dogs but can't remember the first time he was afraid of them.

3

Displacement

• Affect is transferred from one object to another.

• A person compulsively eats lollipops after having quit smoking.

• Compulsively washing hands after being shamed for masturbating.

• Yells at his spouse because he is unable to express anger towards his boss.

4

Identification

• A process by which qualities of an external object are absorbed into one's personality.

• A bruce lee fan is using identification when he biomes a disciplined martial art champion.

• A young person decides to follow in her father's footsteps and become a lawyer.

5

Intellectualization

• Content is serrated from repressed affect.

• A person speaks of his traumatic childhood as if reading scripted story.

• A victim of sexual assault may research factual PTSD criteria instead of addressing her emotional pain in therapy.

6

Asceticism

• Characterized by rigor and self - denial

• An adult refuses to eat or sleep until a major work project is complete.

• An adolescent copes with sexual tension and desire by refusing to engage in all pleasurable activities.

7

Reaction Formation: PRIMITIVE DEFENSE

* * PRIMITIVE DEFENSE * *

• Process by which unacceptable impulses are express as their opposites.

• Helps release anxiety and guilt associated with the true impulse.

• An angry supervises is overly nice to his supervisor.

•A parent with an unwanted child may become over overprotective.

• A man who's is gay openly dates woman and criticizes gay men.

8

Introjection and Internalization

• Introjection is the internalization of outside events or characteristics of other people.

• A victim may identify with the aggressors behaviors to help protect himself.

• A person uses introjection when putting on her seat belt before driving away in her car.

9

Projection: PRIMITIVE DEFENSE

* * PRIMITIVE DEFENSE * *

• Places unacceptable feelings from the person feeling them onto another persons.

• A highly anxious colleague is projecting when complaining about another colleagues anxieties.

• A person is using projection when he complains that no one likes him but in reality he does not like himself or others.

10

Denial: PRIMITIVE DEFENSE

* * PRIMITIVE DEFENSE * *

• Distorts reality and does not acknowledge emotion.

• uncommon in very young children because they are unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality.

• Continues to eat unhealthy foods despite his doctor's orders to eat healthier.

• An alcoholic attends a recovery program but continues to drink alcohol.

11

Sublimation

Displaces unacceptable instincts for constructive socially acceptable behaviors.

• A person with major depression may use professional dance to help sublimate suicidal thoughts.

• A person with aggressive impulses may use sublimation by becoming a kickboxing instructor.

12

Undoing

• A process to avoid being punished for undesirable thoughts or actions.

• A spouse unconsciously undoes his many adulterous acts by buying his partner lavish gifts.

• A person is overly nice to a person she had just insulted in her mind.

13

PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS

• Help the ego cope with anxiety, frustration, and unacceptable impulses

• Help relieve tension between inner psychological reality and the demand of the external world.

•  Denial, reaction formation and projection are considered primitive defenses because why are more out of touch with reality.

• Sublimation, undoing rationalization, displacement, identification and intellectualization represent higher levels of functioning.

• Each person has their own unique set of psychological defense that make up their personality.